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1st world war part-10(in hindi)
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It's discussion of 1st world war. What was it. What was it's impact etc.

Sunil Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Sunil Singh
History lecturer, Faced UPSC & State PSC interviews.

U
Unacademy user
Gond tribes - madhya pradesh.....
  1. 1st World War .What . Rival groups . Where . Causes .Course of War . Impact


  2. About Me . Name- Sunil Kumar Singh . JRF, Pursuing research in History . Faced UPSC interview in 2015, and 2016 . Taught history for 3 years at University level Follow me at: https://unacademy.com/user/kumarsunilvns99


  3. 1st World War .What . Rival groups . Where . Causes .Course of War . Impact


  4. 1st World War: Causes of War Catalyst of War - assassination Franz Ferdinand, the Archduke of Austria by Serb Nationalist The system of alliance . Growth of nationalism laid to war . Imperialism & economic rivalries . The militarism & armament race . Absence of international institution . Issue of Alsace-Lorriane . International crisis -Moroccan crisis, Balkan war


  5. Courses of War: Entry of USA . 1917 -Two great events came to turn the tide of the war The U.S. entry into the war in April - 1)German Atrocities in Belgium THE DAILY MISSOUR AN Economic Interests 3) Sinking of the Lusitania 4) Unrestricted Submarine Warfare 5) Zimmermann Telegram 3) Sinking of the lusitana OFFICIALLY AT WAR AT 1:13 0CLOCK TOOAY


  6. Courses of War: Exit of Russia . Russia out of the conflict in Dec.- Russian Revolution (Treaty of Brest-Litvosk with Germany march 1918) . The arrival of U.S. troops in Europe balanced the scales in favor of the Entente


  7. Courses of War . Bulgaria asked the armistice in September, Turkey in October and Austria-Hungary surrendered in early November to flee to Holland armistice on November 11, 1918. . In Germany, a revolution overthrew Wilhelm II, who had . The new democratic regime had to sign the German The war was over


  8. After war : Treaties . The Peace Treaties On January 18, 1919, representatives of the victorious countries met at the Conference of Paris Committee of Four: U.S. President Wilson, British PM Lloyd George, French PM Clemenceau, Italian Chief Executive Orlando TREATY SIGNED; WAR OVER WILSON LEAVES PARIS: SAILS SUNDAY GERMANS PLEDGED TO ACT IN GOOD FAITH FRENCHCROWDS CHEER PEACE


  9. After war Treaties The victorious countries signed different peace treaties with each of the various defeated nations: .The Treaty of Versailles with Germany, The Treaty of Saint- Germain with Austria, The Treaty of Trianon with Hungary, The Treaty of Neuilly with Bulgaria and The treaty of Sevres and later Lausanne treaty with Turkey


  10. Social impact .Rise of social problems Millions died or became crippled or disabled Many families lost their only earning members - created economic & social problems Many young women became widows -problem of serious family disharmonies . Male female ratio got disturbed


  11. Social impact .Freedom of women During the course of war, demand of labour increased in absence of male - filled up by women Women came out of their homes & began to work in factories Role of women changed, feeling of self confidence, self determination & courage grew


  12. Social impact . Women demanded equal status & rights with men Softening of racial feelings-people of almost all the races took part on a large scale, fight on common front & sharing common food & encountering common difficulties brought them nearer . Impetus to socialist ideas development of concept of socialism was gift of the war


  13. Social impact Literature, art & culture - many scholars, poet, scientist etc lost their lives Progress of science -destructive inventions was openly demonstrated in war, a feeling of scientific competition arose among all countries to make invention of science - immense progress was made in science after the war aspect of scientific .


  14. Economic Implications . Caused economic loss, wastages & vast destruction National debt of England, France, Germany etc increased, war expanses were more than the wealth of countries Invested all money in war - could not improve their industries, trade etc Price of all goods & commodities shot up due to decrease in production


  15. 1st World War . World War I major conflict fought -1914 1918. . Fought b/w the Allied Powers and the Central Powers. 1) Allied Powers France, Russia, Great Britain. The United States also fought on the side of the Allies after 1917. Petrogrn Britain Mesonw Russia German Austria- Hungary Frast 2)_Central Powers -Germany, France italy Black Sea Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria. Spain Turkey The Ottorman Empire


  16. 1st World War . Took place in Europe along two fronts: The western front and the eastern front. . The western front -a long line of trenches that ran from the coast of Belgium to Switzerland The eastern front between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Bulgaria on one side and Russia and Romania on the other


  17. 1st World War: Causes of War Catalyst of War - assassination Franz Ferdinand, the Archduke of Austria by Serb Nationalist The system of alliance . Growth of nationalism laid to war . Imperialism & economic rivalries . The militarism & armament race . Absence of international institution . Issue of Alsace-Lorriane . International crisis -Moroccan crisis, Balkan war