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1st world war part-11(in hindi)
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It's discussion of 1st world war . What was it. What was it's reason etc

Sunil Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Sunil Singh
History lecturer, Faced UPSC & State PSC interviews.

U
Unacademy user
  1. 1st World War .What . Rival groups . Where . Causes .Course of War . Impact


  2. About Me . Name- Sunil Kumar Singh . JRF, Pursuing research in History . Faced UPSC interview in 2015, and 2016 . Taught history for 3 years at University level Follow me at: https://unacademy.com/user/kumarsunilvns99


  3. 1st World War .What . Rival groups . Where . Causes .Course of War . Impact


  4. 1st World War: Causes of War Catalyst of War - assassination Franz Ferdinand, the Archduke of Austria by Serb Nationalist The system of alliance . Growth of nationalism laid to war . Imperialism & economic rivalries . The militarism & armament race . Absence of international institution . Issue of Alsace-Lorriane . International crisis -Moroccan crisis, Balkan war


  5. Social impact .Rise of social problems Millions died or became crippled or disabled Many families lost their only earning members - created economic & social problems Many young women became widows -problem of serious family disharmonies . Male female ratio got disturbed


  6. Social impact .Freedom of women During the course of war, demand of labour increased in absence of male - filled up by women Women came out of their homes & began to work in factories Role of women changed, feeling of self confidence, self determination & courage grew


  7. Social impact . Women demanded equal status & rights with men Softening of racial feelings-people of almost all the races took part on a large scale, fight on common front & sharing common food & encountering common difficulties brought them nearer . Impetus to socialist ideas development of concept of socialism was gift of the war


  8. Social impact Included nationalization of industries & control of state over it Increased the significance of labour class - facilities of housing, medical care, education etc provided to them Foundation of ILO, Right of forming trade unions & to strike Setback of education & polices to develop it Destruction of culture - imminence loss of the


  9. Social impact Literature, art & culture - many scholars, poet, scientist etc lost their lives Progress of science -destructive inventions was openly demonstrated in war, a feeling of scientific competition arose among all countries to make invention of science - immense progress was made in science after the war aspect of scientific .


  10. Political implications Decline of empires-Austria, Russia, Germany etc . Creations of new states - Adjustment of boundaries states-independence of Fungary, Poland, Yugoslavia etc . Growth of democratic government - Germany, Turky etc . Rise of dictatorship - Hitler in Germany, Mussolini in Italy, Lenin in Russia etc


  11. Political implications Foundation of League of Nation . Emergence of USA on world scene - before 1 world war, did not interfere in European affairs, played an important wining the war, active role in solving two difficult problems- economic depression & economic reconstruction Acceptance of principle of right of self determination . Spread of nationalism


  12. About Me . Name- Sunil Kumar Singh . JRF, Pursuing research in History . Faced UPSC interview in 2015, and 2016 . Taught history for 3 years at University level Follow me at: https://unacademy.com/user/kumarsunilvns99


  13. 1st World War: Causes of War Catalyst of War - assassination Franz Ferdinand, the Archduke of Austria by Serb Nationalist The system of alliance . Growth of nationalism laid to war . Imperialism & economic rivalries . The militarism & armament race . Absence of international institution . Issue of Alsace-Lorriane . International crisis -Moroccan crisis, Balkan war


  14. Causes of War : System of Rival alliance Main Rival Group- LE SECOND de Pase . 1) Germany Vs France - Germany consideredEG France as her greatest enemy - French could not forget Alsace-Lorriane (Annexed in War of Sedan) . So attempted to isolate France - formed league of three Emperors in 1873 Germany, Russia, Austria Alsace and Lorraine formed the border between France and Prussia, adding to conflict


  15. Causes of War : System of Rival alliance . 2) Austria- Hungary Vs Serbia & Russia - Austrian interest in the Balkans 2 conflicted with Russian ambition - concluded secret treaty Germanypr Soviet Union United Austrian States Romania Italy Kingdom of Black S Bulgaria Marmar SSR Austria in 1879 called Dual alliance Albania Bismarck - secret treaty with Russia in 1887, maintained friendly relation with Britain Ottoman Turkey Naples Greece Sea Bulkan Region. 1970


  16. Force of Nationalism . Congress of Vienna in 1815, the principle of nationalism was ignored in favor of preserving the peace. . But strong nationalist moveents AUSTRIAN EMPIR and revolutions led to the unification of Italy & Germany PIEDMON STATES Adriatic THE TWO SI Marsala Major battles