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1st World war part-3(in hindi)
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It's discussion of 1st world war. What was it. What was it's reason etc

Sunil Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Sunil Singh
History lecturer, Faced UPSC & State PSC interviews.

U
Unacademy user
Thank you for providing us a very important topic in interesting way.
Sunil Singh
2 years ago
Abhijeet, keep learning...
  1. 1st World War .What . Rival groups . Where . Causes .Course of War . Impact


  2. About Me . Name- Sunil Kumar Singh . JRF, Pursuing research in History . Faced UPSC interview in 2015, and 2016 . Taught history for 3 years at University level Follow me at: https://unacademy.com/user/kumarsunilvns99


  3. 1st World War .What . Rival groups . Where . Causes .Course of War . Impact


  4. 1st World War . World War I major conflict fought -1914 1918. . Fought b/w the Allied Powers and the Central Powers. 1) Allied Powers France, Russia, Great Britain. The United States also fought on the side of the Allies after 1917. Petrogrn Britain Mesonw Russia German Austria- Hungary Frast 2)_Central Powers -Germany, France italy Black Sea Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria. Spain Turkey The Ottorman Empire


  5. 1st World War: Causes of War Catalyst of War - assassination Franz Ferdinand, the Archduke of Austria by Serb Nationalist The system of alliance . Growth of nationalism laid to war . Imperialism & economic rivalries . The militarism & armament race . Absence of international institution . Issue of Alsace-Lorriane . International crisis -Moroccan crisis, Balkan war


  6. Starting of War . Germany invaded Belgium to get to France which caused . This all happened in just a few days. . One side -Triple Alliance Germany, Austria-Hungary and Britain to declare war on Germany. Divided Europe into two armed camps- Italy, Their enemy was the Triple Entente- France, Russia and Great Britain. Triple Alliance known as the Central Powers Triple Entente became the Allied Forces.


  7. Causes of War : System of Rival alliance Main Rival Group- LE SECOND de Pase . 1) Germany Vs France - Germany consideredEG France as her greatest enemy - French could not forget Alsace-Lorriane (Annexed in War of Sedan) . So attempted to isolate France - formed league of three Emperors in 1873 Germany, Russia, Austria Alsace and Lorraine formed the border between France and Prussia, adding to conflict


  8. Causes of War : System of Rival alliance . 2) Austria- Hungary Vs Serbia & Russia - Austrian interest in the Balkans 2 conflicted with Russian ambition - concluded secret treaty Germanypr Soviet Union United Austrian States Romania Italy Kingdom of Black S Bulgaria Marmar SSR Austria in 1879 called Dual alliance Albania Bismarck - secret treaty with Russia in 1887, maintained friendly relation with Britain Ottoman Turkey Naples Greece Sea Bulkan Region. 1970


  9. Causes of War: System of Rival alliance effen Plan Due to Austria Vs Russia, Germany adopted schlieffen plan Italy was alone- needed alliesNSTANG -joined the German camp - became Triple alliance (1882) GERMANY RUSSIA FRANCE AUSTRIA-HUNGARY Italy . Alliance is due to needing military support/strength Defensive agreement 12 Triple Alliance Germany Austria-Hungary Dual Alliance 1879


  10. Causes of War : System of Rival alliance Bismarck strategy did not work properly Great Britain Naval race b/w Germany Vs Britain .Russia discontent over Balkan . 1894 Russia- French Treaty . 1904 Britain-French Treaty . !907 Britain- Russia Treaty Entente Cordiale Anglo-Russian Entente 1907, NOT a military alliance 1904 Taney France Russia Dual Alliance 1892 Military Agreement


  11. The Militarism & Armament Race Europe divided into two hostile camps but in reality led to insecurity in nations . Purpose of alliance - national security . Gave rise to an armament race Naval contest b/w Britain & Germany, Britain-France treaty in 1904, Britain- Russia treaty in 1907 Hague conference - failed to face the great dangers of the armament race


  12. Force of Nationalism . Congress of Vienna in 1815, the principle of nationalism was ignored in favor of preserving the peace. . But strong nationalist moveents AUSTRIAN EMPIR and revolutions led to the unification of Italy & Germany PIEDMON STATES Adriatic THE TWO SI Marsala Major battles


  13. Imperialism & Economic Rivalries . Important source of international conflict was imperialism & economic rivalry among European nations Great Britain, Germany and France needed foreign markets after the increase in manufacturing caused by the Industrial Revolution. . These countries competed for economic expansion in Africa. Although Britain and France resolved their differences in Africa


  14. Courses of War . 1905-1906: The first Moroccan crisis. William ll, proclaimed the German opposition to French colonization of Morocco This challenge precipitated the convening of arn international conference in Algeciras (1906) At this conference, Germany was isolated and France had a clear British support


  15. Courses of War: Bosnia crisis (1908) . Taking advantage of internal difficulties in Turkey, Austria- Hungary annexed Bosnia-Herzegovina. 1907 GERMAN EMPIRE . Serbia were annoyed RUSSIA N AUSTRo - HUNGARIAN EMPIRE EMPIRE FRANCE wanted Bosnia to become part of Greater Serbia' as there were a lot of Slavic people living in Bosnia. OSNAR OMANIA SERBIA Black Sea ITALY 8 U LGARIA PAZAR Sea of Marmana MediterraneanGREECE . Wanted a strip of land to access Aariatic sea


  16. Balkan Crisis Soviet Union United Austrian States Romania Italy Black Sea Kingdom of Serbia Bulgaria Marrmara SSR Albania Ottoman Turkey Naples lonian Sea Greece Balkan Region.187Os


  17. 1, The Turkish (Ottoman) Empire Since the seventeenth century the BalkansRussia wanted to control the sea ports had been part of the Turkish Empire. In around the Balkans for trade and to the nineteenth century their military protect themselves against Austria- strength was low so they lost control of Hungarv. the Balkans. Ttries started They wanted to support the Balkan to get their independence back. This annoyed the Turkish empire. countries in gaining independence. 4 Austria-Hungary 3. Serbia A huge empire, ruled from Vienna by the Habsburgs. The empire contained 11 different nationalities including millions of 'Slavs' (Czechs, Serbia wanted to unite the Balkan Serbs, Bosnians and Croats). A major aim was to threaten their empire. Many of these countries independent Serbia. This annoyed Austria-Hungary. countries together into Greater Serbia. This brought them into conflict with Austria-Hungary as many Serbs lived within their empire stop the growth of nationalism which would wanted to leave the empire and join with the


  18. Courses of War 1st Balkan war-1912 Involved Balkan league (Serbia, Greece, Montenegro and Bulgaria ) Vs Turkey United Austrian States Soviet Union Romania Ital . Serbia wanted Albania to get Black Sa Kingdom of Serbla reach to sea but Austria opposed & Albania became independent BulgariaMarmara SSR Albania Naples enian Sea Ottomarn Turkey Greece It increased Serb discontent against Austria Balkan Region, 1870


  19. Courses of War: Assassination of A. Ferdinand . June 28, 1914 Archduke Ferdinand, assassinated in Sarajevo (Bosnia), Gavrilo Princip, a member of the Serbian terrorist organization "Black Hand" . Triggered a fatal series of events that led to the war. Austria declared war on Serbia, Russia prepared to defend its ally Serbia. Germany declared war on Russia to protect Austria. This caused France to declare war on Germany


  20. Courses of War: Assassination of A. Ferdinand . Germany attacked on Belgium to attack on France (schlieffen plan) The plan assumed that France was weak and could be beaten quickly, and that Russia was much stronger, but would take longer to mobilise its army. . The plan began to go wrong ,things got worse when Britain declared war on Germany on 4 August 1914 because, in a Treaty of 1839, Britain had promised to defend Belgium.


  21. Courses of War: Entry of USA . 1917 -Two great events came to turn the tide of the war The U.S. entry into the war in April - 1)German Atrocities in Belgium THE DAILY MISSOUR AN Economic Interests 3) Sinking of the Lusitania 4) Unrestricted Submarine Warfare 5) Zimmermann Telegram 3) Sinking of the lusitana OFFICIALLY AT WAR AT 1:13 0CLOCK TOOAY


  22. Courses of War . Bulgaria asked the armistice in September, Turkey in October and Austria-Hungary surrendered in early November to flee to Holland armistice on November 11, 1918. . In Germany, a revolution overthrew Wilhelm II, who had . The new democratic regime had to sign the German The war was over


  23. After war : Treaties . The Peace Treaties On January 18, 1919, representatives of the victorious countries met at the Conference of Paris Committee of Four: U.S. President Wilson, British PM Lloyd George, French PM Clemenceau, Italian Chief Executive Orlando TREATY SIGNED; WAR OVER WILSON LEAVES PARIS: SAILS SUNDAY GERMANS PLEDGED TO ACT IN GOOD FAITH FRENCHCROWDS CHEER PEACE


  24. After war Treaties The victorious countries signed different peace treaties with each of the various defeated nations: .The Treaty of Versailles with Germany, The Treaty of Saint- Germain with Austria, The Treaty of Trianon with Hungary, The Treaty of Neuilly with Bulgaria and The treaty of Sevres and later Lausanne treaty with Turkey


  25. Social impact .Rise of social problems Millions died or became crippled or disabled Many families lost their only earning members - created economic & social problems Many young women became widows -problem of serious family disharmonies . Male female ratio got disturbed


  26. Social impact Included nationalization of industries & control of state over it Increased the significance of labour class - facilities of housing, medical care, education etc provided to them Foundation of ILO, Right of forming trade unions & to strike Setback of education & polices to develop it Destruction of culture - imminence loss of the


  27. Social impact Literature, art & culture - many scholars, poet, scientist etc lost their lives Progress of science -destructive inventions was openly demonstrated in war, a feeling of scientific competition arose among all countries to make invention of science - immense progress was made in science after the war aspect of scientific .


  28. Economic Implications . People of Russia, Germany & Austria etc. began to feel scarcity of essential commodities Owing to heavy amount - issued new paper currency lead to inflation . In order to meet financial requirement - gov. imposed & increased taxes - Burdon on people . Increased unemployment . Issue of economic reconstruction, economic crisis


  29. About Me . Name- Sunil Kumar Singh . JRF, Pursuing research in History . Faced UPSC interview in 2015, and 2016 . Taught history for 3 years at University level Follow me at: https://unacademy.com/user/kumarsunilvns99


  30. 1st World War . World War I major conflict fought -1914 1918. . Fought b/w the Allied Powers and the Central Powers. 1) Allied Powers France, Russia, Great Britain. The United States also fought on the side of the Allies after 1917. Petrogrn Britain Mesonw Russia German Austria- Hungary Frast 2)_Central Powers -Germany, France italy Black Sea Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria. Spain Turkey The Ottorman Empire


  31. Starting of War . Germany invaded Belgium to get to France which caused . This all happened in just a few days. . One side -Triple Alliance Germany, Austria-Hungary and Britain to declare war on Germany. Divided Europe into two armed camps- Italy, Their enemy was the Triple Entente- France, Russia and Great Britain. Triple Alliance known as the Central Powers Triple Entente became the Allied Forces.


  32. Causes of War : System of Rival alliance Main Rival Group- LE SECOND de Pase . 1) Germany Vs France - Germany consideredEG France as her greatest enemy - French could not forget Alsace-Lorriane (Annexed in War of Sedan) . So attempted to isolate France - formed league of three Emperors in 1873 Germany, Russia, Austria Alsace and Lorraine formed the border between France and Prussia, adding to conflict