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1st world war part-4(in hindi)
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It's discussion of 1st world war. What was it. What was it's reason etc

Sunil Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Sunil Singh
History lecturer, Faced UPSC & State PSC interviews.

Unacademy user
sentence formation is not correct in most of the slides which gives really vague meaning when read..disappointed!
  1. 1st World War .What . Rival groups . Where . Causes .Course of War . Impact

  2. About Me . Name- Sunil Kumar Singh . JRF, Pursuing research in History . Faced UPSC interview in 2015, and 2016 . Taught history for 3 years at University level Follow me at:

  3. 1st World War .What . Rival groups . Where . Causes .Course of War . Impact

  4. 1st World War: Causes of War Catalyst of War - assassination Franz Ferdinand, the Archduke of Austria by Serb Nationalist The system of alliance . Growth of nationalism laid to war . Imperialism & economic rivalries . The militarism & armament race . Absence of international institution . Issue of Alsace-Lorriane . International crisis -Moroccan crisis, Balkan war

  5. Causes of War : System of Rival alliance Main Rival Group- LE SECOND de Pase . 1) Germany Vs France - Germany consideredEG France as her greatest enemy - French could not forget Alsace-Lorriane (Annexed in War of Sedan) . So attempted to isolate France - formed league of three Emperors in 1873 Germany, Russia, Austria Alsace and Lorraine formed the border between France and Prussia, adding to conflict

  6. Causes of War : System of Rival alliance . 2) Austria- Hungary Vs Serbia & Russia - Austrian interest in the Balkans 2 conflicted with Russian ambition - concluded secret treaty Germanypr Soviet Union United Austrian States Romania Italy Kingdom of Black S Bulgaria Marmar SSR Austria in 1879 called Dual alliance Albania Bismarck - secret treaty with Russia in 1887, maintained friendly relation with Britain Ottoman Turkey Naples Greece Sea Bulkan Region. 1970

  7. Causes of War: System of Rival alliance effen Plan Due to Austria Vs Russia, Germany adopted schlieffen plan Italy was alone- needed alliesNSTANG -joined the German camp - became Triple alliance (1882) GERMANY RUSSIA FRANCE AUSTRIA-HUNGARY Italy . Alliance is due to needing military support/strength Defensive agreement 12 Triple Alliance Germany Austria-Hungary Dual Alliance 1879

  8. Causes of War : System of Rival alliance Bismarck strategy did not work properly Great Britain Naval race b/w Germany Vs Britain .Russia discontent over Balkan . 1894 Russia- French Treaty . 1904 Britain-French Treaty . !907 Britain- Russia Treaty Entente Cordiale Anglo-Russian Entente 1907, NOT a military alliance 1904 Taney France Russia Dual Alliance 1892 Military Agreement

  9. The Militarism & Armament Race Europe divided into two hostile camps but in reality led to insecurity in nations . Purpose of alliance - national security . Gave rise to an armament race Naval contest b/w Britain & Germany, Britain-France treaty in 1904, Britain- Russia treaty in 1907 Hague conference - failed to face the great dangers of the armament race

  10. Force of Nationalism . Congress of Vienna in 1815, the principle of nationalism was ignored in favor of preserving the peace. . But strong nationalist moveents AUSTRIAN EMPIR and revolutions led to the unification of Italy & Germany PIEDMON STATES Adriatic THE TWO SI Marsala Major battles

  11. Force of Nationalism Nationalism posed a problem for Austria-Hungary and the Balkans, areas comprised of many conflicting national groups Russian Empire GALICIA BOHEMIA Germarn Empire MORAVI AUSTRIA NGARY TRANSYLV TIA-SLAVONIA Romania . The ardent Pan Slavism of [ , Sertia Monto Bulgaria s of Austria-H ungary in 1910 Serbia and Russia's willingness to support its Slavic brother conflicted with Austria-Hungary's Distribution of Races in Austria-Hungary by William R. Shepherd, 1911

  12. Imperialism & Economic Rivalries . Important source of international conflict was imperialism & economic rivalry among European nations Great Britain, Germany and France needed foreign markets after the increase in manufacturing caused by the Industrial Revolution. . These countries competed for economic expansion in Africa. Although Britain and France resolved their differences in Africa

  13. Courses of War . 1905-1906: The first Moroccan crisis. William ll, proclaimed the German opposition to French colonization of Morocco This challenge precipitated the convening of arn international conference in Algeciras (1906) At this conference, Germany was isolated and France had a clear British support

  14. Courses of War: Bosnia crisis (1908) Russia backed up Serbia - protector of the Slavic people that Serbia sought to protect. Serbia and Russia back down because Germany backed up Austria-Hungary( Triple Alliance of 1882) . Neither France nor Britain support Russia in a possible conflict in the Balkans . At end Serbia not pleased, Russia saw western power suspiciously

  15. Courses of War : 2nd Morocco crisis- 1911 . In 1910 France made a huge loan to Morocco and took control of customs and taxes In March 1911 huge rebellion- France went to defend Agadir Crisis, 1911 In 1911 Kaiser Wiheim Il sends . Kaiser sent the Panther ship to Agadir German Nov 1911- Treaty of BERLIN, Germanoreo forced out of Agadir Germany= Humiliated to project German 2 . France took complete control of Morocco rench

  16. Courses of War 1st Balkan war-1912 Involved Balkan league (Serbia, Greece, Montenegro and Bulgaria ) Vs Turkey United Austrian States Soviet Union Romania Ital . Serbia wanted Albania to get Black Sa Kingdom of Serbla reach to sea but Austria opposed & Albania became independent BulgariaMarmara SSR Albania Naples enian Sea Ottomarn Turkey Greece It increased Serb discontent against Austria Balkan Region, 1870

  17. Courses of War : 2nd Balkan war-1913 . Bulgaria quarreled with other members of the League about the number of Bulgarians now living under Serbian or Greek control in Macedonia and Salonika dian Empire Romania Austre Bosna and Hercozoving Serbia nprian Enpe shoe 1878 Empire snoe 1830 ndependent since 1878 . The Bulgarians attacked their former Bulgaria allies. utonomous waw Enpie 1878 1308 od Independence 1908 Adhote Sea . Turley also joined in against Bulgaria, Treaty of Bucharest, 1913 hoping to regain some of her territory lost the previous year. acedonia Caded to Greece Ceded to Bulgani 1912 Intemational boundary 908-13 Aegan Ser

  18. Courses of War : 2nd Balkan war-1913 Bulgaria was quickly defeated, Serbia got Macedonia Its military had become large and experienced. power and its obvious nationalist ambitions. e Serbia had emerged more powerful state than previously . Austria-Hungary was alarmed at the increase in Serbian It looked for an opportunity to cut Serbia down to size.

  19. Courses of War: Entry of USA . 1917 -Two great events came to turn the tide of the war The U.S. entry into the war in April - 1)German Atrocities in Belgium THE DAILY MISSOUR AN Economic Interests 3) Sinking of the Lusitania 4) Unrestricted Submarine Warfare 5) Zimmermann Telegram 3) Sinking of the lusitana OFFICIALLY AT WAR AT 1:13 0CLOCK TOOAY

  20. Courses of War: Exit of Russia . Russia out of the conflict in Dec.- Russian Revolution (Treaty of Brest-Litvosk with Germany march 1918) . The arrival of U.S. troops in Europe balanced the scales in favor of the Entente

  21. Courses of War . Bulgaria asked the armistice in September, Turkey in October and Austria-Hungary surrendered in early November to flee to Holland armistice on November 11, 1918. . In Germany, a revolution overthrew Wilhelm II, who had . The new democratic regime had to sign the German The war was over

  22. After war Treaties The victorious countries signed different peace treaties with each of the various defeated nations: .The Treaty of Versailles with Germany, The Treaty of Saint- Germain with Austria, The Treaty of Trianon with Hungary, The Treaty of Neuilly with Bulgaria and The treaty of Sevres and later Lausanne treaty with Turkey

  23. Social impact .Rise of social problems Millions died or became crippled or disabled Many families lost their only earning members - created economic & social problems Many young women became widows -problem of serious family disharmonies . Male female ratio got disturbed

  24. Social impact .Freedom of women During the course of war, demand of labour increased in absence of male - filled up by women Women came out of their homes & began to work in factories Role of women changed, feeling of self confidence, self determination & courage grew

  25. Social impact . Women demanded equal status & rights with men Softening of racial feelings-people of almost all the races took part on a large scale, fight on common front & sharing common food & encountering common difficulties brought them nearer . Impetus to socialist ideas development of concept of socialism was gift of the war

  26. Political implications Decline of empires-Austria, Russia, Germany etc . Creations of new states - Adjustment of boundaries states-independence of Fungary, Poland, Yugoslavia etc . Growth of democratic government - Germany, Turky etc . Rise of dictatorship - Hitler in Germany, Mussolini in Italy, Lenin in Russia etc

  27. Political implications Foundation of League of Nation . Emergence of USA on world scene - before 1 world war, did not interfere in European affairs, played an important wining the war, active role in solving two difficult problems- economic depression & economic reconstruction Acceptance of principle of right of self determination . Spread of nationalism

  28. 1st World War . World War I major conflict fought -1914 1918. . Fought b/w the Allied Powers and the Central Powers. 1) Allied Powers France, Russia, Great Britain. The United States also fought on the side of the Allies after 1917. Petrogrn Britain Mesonw Russia German Austria- Hungary Frast 2)_Central Powers -Germany, France italy Black Sea Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria. Spain Turkey The Ottorman Empire

  29. 1st World War . Took place in Europe along two fronts: The western front and the eastern front. . The western front -a long line of trenches that ran from the coast of Belgium to Switzerland The eastern front between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Bulgaria on one side and Russia and Romania on the other

  30. 1st World War: Causes of War Catalyst of War - assassination Franz Ferdinand, the Archduke of Austria by Serb Nationalist The system of alliance . Growth of nationalism laid to war . Imperialism & economic rivalries . The militarism & armament race . Absence of international institution . Issue of Alsace-Lorriane . International crisis -Moroccan crisis, Balkan war