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1st world war part-5(in hindi)
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It's discussion of 1st world war. What was it . What was kya reason etc

Sunil Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Sunil Singh
History lecturer, Faced UPSC & State PSC interviews.

U
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CAT level questions are covered in this course?
  1. 1st World War .What . Rival groups . Where . Causes .Course of War . Impact


  2. About Me . Name- Sunil Kumar Singh . JRF, Pursuing research in History . Faced UPSC interview in 2015, and 2016 . Taught history for 3 years at University level Follow me at: https://unacademy.com/user/kumarsunilvns99


  3. 1st World War .What . Rival groups . Where . Causes .Course of War . Impact


  4. 1st World War: Causes of War Catalyst of War - assassination Franz Ferdinand, the Archduke of Austria by Serb Nationalist The system of alliance . Growth of nationalism laid to war . Imperialism & economic rivalries . The militarism & armament race . Absence of international institution . Issue of Alsace-Lorriane . International crisis -Moroccan crisis, Balkan war


  5. Force of Nationalism . Congress of Vienna in 1815, the principle of nationalism was ignored in favor of preserving the peace. . But strong nationalist moveents AUSTRIAN EMPIR and revolutions led to the unification of Italy & Germany PIEDMON STATES Adriatic THE TWO SI Marsala Major battles


  6. Force of Nationalism Nationalism posed a problem for Austria-Hungary and the Balkans, areas comprised of many conflicting national groups Russian Empire GALICIA BOHEMIA Germarn Empire MORAVI AUSTRIA NGARY TRANSYLV TIA-SLAVONIA Romania . The ardent Pan Slavism of [ , Sertia Monto Bulgaria s of Austria-H ungary in 1910 Serbia and Russia's willingness to support its Slavic brother conflicted with Austria-Hungary's Distribution of Races in Austria-Hungary by William R. Shepherd, 1911


  7. Imperialism & Economic Rivalries . Important source of international conflict was imperialism & economic rivalry among European nations Great Britain, Germany and France needed foreign markets after the increase in manufacturing caused by the Industrial Revolution. . These countries competed for economic expansion in Africa. Although Britain and France resolved their differences in Africa


  8. Imperialism & Economic Rivalrie RUSSIA Several crises foreshadowing the war involved the clash of Germany against Britain and France in North Africa. In the Middle East, the crumbling Ottoman Empire was alluring to Austria-Hungary, the Balkans and Russia EGYPT FRE NCH WEST AFRICA STATE


  9. 1, The Turkish (Ottoman) Empire Since the seventeenth century the BalkansRussia wanted to control the sea ports had been part of the Turkish Empire. In around the Balkans for trade and to the nineteenth century their military protect themselves against Austria- strength was low so they lost control of Hungarv. the Balkans. Ttries started They wanted to support the Balkan to get their independence back. This annoyed the Turkish empire. countries in gaining independence. 4 Austria-Hungary 3. Serbia A huge empire, ruled from Vienna by the Habsburgs. The empire contained 11 different nationalities including millions of 'Slavs' (Czechs, Serbia wanted to unite the Balkan Serbs, Bosnians and Croats). A major aim was to threaten their empire. Many of these countries independent Serbia. This annoyed Austria-Hungary. countries together into Greater Serbia. This brought them into conflict with Austria-Hungary as many Serbs lived within their empire stop the growth of nationalism which would wanted to leave the empire and join with the


  10. Courses of War . 1905-1906: The first Moroccan crisis. William ll, proclaimed the German opposition to French colonization of Morocco This challenge precipitated the convening of arn international conference in Algeciras (1906) At this conference, Germany was isolated and France had a clear British support


  11. Courses of War: Bosnia crisis (1908) . Taking advantage of internal difficulties in Turkey, Austria- Hungary annexed Bosnia-Herzegovina. 1907 GERMAN EMPIRE . Serbia were annoyed RUSSIA N AUSTRo - HUNGARIAN EMPIRE EMPIRE FRANCE wanted Bosnia to become part of Greater Serbia' as there were a lot of Slavic people living in Bosnia. OSNAR OMANIA SERBIA Black Sea ITALY 8 U LGARIA PAZAR Sea of Marmana MediterraneanGREECE . Wanted a strip of land to access Aariatic sea


  12. Courses of War: Bosnia crisis (1908) Russia backed up Serbia - protector of the Slavic people that Serbia sought to protect. Serbia and Russia back down because Germany backed up Austria-Hungary( Triple Alliance of 1882) . Neither France nor Britain support Russia in a possible conflict in the Balkans . At end Serbia not pleased, Russia saw western power suspiciously


  13. Balkan Crisis Soviet Union United Austrian States Romania Italy Black Sea Kingdom of Serbia Bulgaria Marrmara SSR Albania Ottoman Turkey Naples lonian Sea Greece Balkan Region.187Os


  14. Courses of War : 2nd Balkan war-1913 Bulgaria was quickly defeated, Serbia got Macedonia Its military had become large and experienced. power and its obvious nationalist ambitions. e Serbia had emerged more powerful state than previously . Austria-Hungary was alarmed at the increase in Serbian It looked for an opportunity to cut Serbia down to size.


  15. Courses of War: Entry of USA . 1917 -Two great events came to turn the tide of the war The U.S. entry into the war in April - 1)German Atrocities in Belgium THE DAILY MISSOUR AN Economic Interests 3) Sinking of the Lusitania 4) Unrestricted Submarine Warfare 5) Zimmermann Telegram 3) Sinking of the lusitana OFFICIALLY AT WAR AT 1:13 0CLOCK TOOAY


  16. Courses of War: Exit of Russia . Russia out of the conflict in Dec.- Russian Revolution (Treaty of Brest-Litvosk with Germany march 1918) . The arrival of U.S. troops in Europe balanced the scales in favor of the Entente


  17. Courses of War . Bulgaria asked the armistice in September, Turkey in October and Austria-Hungary surrendered in early November to flee to Holland armistice on November 11, 1918. . In Germany, a revolution overthrew Wilhelm II, who had . The new democratic regime had to sign the German The war was over


  18. After war Treaties The victorious countries signed different peace treaties with each of the various defeated nations: .The Treaty of Versailles with Germany, The Treaty of Saint- Germain with Austria, The Treaty of Trianon with Hungary, The Treaty of Neuilly with Bulgaria and The treaty of Sevres and later Lausanne treaty with Turkey


  19. Social impact .Rise of social problems Millions died or became crippled or disabled Many families lost their only earning members - created economic & social problems Many young women became widows -problem of serious family disharmonies . Male female ratio got disturbed


  20. Social impact . Women demanded equal status & rights with men Softening of racial feelings-people of almost all the races took part on a large scale, fight on common front & sharing common food & encountering common difficulties brought them nearer . Impetus to socialist ideas development of concept of socialism was gift of the war


  21. Social impact Literature, art & culture - many scholars, poet, scientist etc lost their lives Progress of science -destructive inventions was openly demonstrated in war, a feeling of scientific competition arose among all countries to make invention of science - immense progress was made in science after the war aspect of scientific .


  22. Political implications Decline of empires-Austria, Russia, Germany etc . Creations of new states - Adjustment of boundaries states-independence of Fungary, Poland, Yugoslavia etc . Growth of democratic government - Germany, Turky etc . Rise of dictatorship - Hitler in Germany, Mussolini in Italy, Lenin in Russia etc


  23. Political implications Foundation of League of Nation . Emergence of USA on world scene - before 1 world war, did not interfere in European affairs, played an important wining the war, active role in solving two difficult problems- economic depression & economic reconstruction Acceptance of principle of right of self determination . Spread of nationalism


  24. Economic Implications . Caused economic loss, wastages & vast destruction National debt of England, France, Germany etc increased, war expanses were more than the wealth of countries Invested all money in war - could not improve their industries, trade etc Price of all goods & commodities shot up due to decrease in production


  25. About Me . Name- Sunil Kumar Singh . JRF, Pursuing research in History . Faced UPSC interview in 2015, and 2016 . Taught history for 3 years at University level Follow me at: https://unacademy.com/user/kumarsunilvns99


  26. 1st World War . World War I major conflict fought -1914 1918. . Fought b/w the Allied Powers and the Central Powers. 1) Allied Powers France, Russia, Great Britain. The United States also fought on the side of the Allies after 1917. Petrogrn Britain Mesonw Russia German Austria- Hungary Frast 2)_Central Powers -Germany, France italy Black Sea Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria. Spain Turkey The Ottorman Empire