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1st world war part-6(in hindi)
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It's discussion of 1st world war . What was it. What was the reason behind it etc

Sunil Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Sunil Singh
History lecturer, Faced UPSC & State PSC interviews.

U
Unacademy user
HAPPY TEACHERS DAY... THANKS Sir...!!!
Sunil Singh
a year ago
Desh deepak, Thanks
  1. 1st World War .What . Rival groups . Where . Causes .Course of War . Impact


  2. About Me . Name- Sunil Kumar Singh . JRF, Pursuing research in History . Faced UPSC interview in 2015, and 2016 . Taught history for 3 years at University level Follow me at: https://unacademy.com/user/kumarsunilvns99


  3. 1st World War .What . Rival groups . Where . Causes .Course of War . Impact


  4. 1st World War: Causes of War Catalyst of War - assassination Franz Ferdinand, the Archduke of Austria by Serb Nationalist The system of alliance . Growth of nationalism laid to war . Imperialism & economic rivalries . The militarism & armament race . Absence of international institution . Issue of Alsace-Lorriane . International crisis -Moroccan crisis, Balkan war


  5. Courses of War . 1905-1906: The first Moroccan crisis. William ll, proclaimed the German opposition to French colonization of Morocco This challenge precipitated the convening of arn international conference in Algeciras (1906) At this conference, Germany was isolated and France had a clear British support


  6. Courses of War: Bosnia crisis (1908) . Taking advantage of internal difficulties in Turkey, Austria- Hungary annexed Bosnia-Herzegovina. 1907 GERMAN EMPIRE . Serbia were annoyed RUSSIA N AUSTRo - HUNGARIAN EMPIRE EMPIRE FRANCE wanted Bosnia to become part of Greater Serbia' as there were a lot of Slavic people living in Bosnia. OSNAR OMANIA SERBIA Black Sea ITALY 8 U LGARIA PAZAR Sea of Marmana MediterraneanGREECE . Wanted a strip of land to access Aariatic sea


  7. Courses of War: Bosnia crisis (1908) Russia backed up Serbia - protector of the Slavic people that Serbia sought to protect. Serbia and Russia back down because Germany backed up Austria-Hungary( Triple Alliance of 1882) . Neither France nor Britain support Russia in a possible conflict in the Balkans . At end Serbia not pleased, Russia saw western power suspiciously


  8. Courses of War : 2nd Morocco crisis- 1911 . In 1910 France made a huge loan to Morocco and took control of customs and taxes In March 1911 huge rebellion- France went to defend Agadir Crisis, 1911 In 1911 Kaiser Wiheim Il sends . Kaiser sent the Panther ship to Agadir German Nov 1911- Treaty of BERLIN, Germanoreo forced out of Agadir Germany= Humiliated to project German 2 . France took complete control of Morocco rench


  9. Balkan Crisis Soviet Union United Austrian States Romania Italy Black Sea Kingdom of Serbia Bulgaria Marrmara SSR Albania Ottoman Turkey Naples lonian Sea Greece Balkan Region.187Os


  10. Courses of War 1st Balkan war-1912 Involved Balkan league (Serbia, Greece, Montenegro and Bulgaria ) Vs Turkey United Austrian States Soviet Union Romania Ital . Serbia wanted Albania to get Black Sa Kingdom of Serbla reach to sea but Austria opposed & Albania became independent BulgariaMarmara SSR Albania Naples enian Sea Ottomarn Turkey Greece It increased Serb discontent against Austria Balkan Region, 1870


  11. Courses of War : 2nd Balkan war-1913 . Bulgaria quarreled with other members of the League about the number of Bulgarians now living under Serbian or Greek control in Macedonia and Salonika dian Empire Romania Austre Bosna and Hercozoving Serbia nprian Enpe shoe 1878 Empire snoe 1830 ndependent since 1878 . The Bulgarians attacked their former Bulgaria allies. utonomous waw Enpie 1878 1308 od Independence 1908 Adhote Sea . Turley also joined in against Bulgaria, Treaty of Bucharest, 1913 hoping to regain some of her territory lost the previous year. acedonia Caded to Greece Ceded to Bulgani 1912 Intemational boundary 908-13 Aegan Ser


  12. Courses of War : 2nd Balkan war-1913 Bulgaria was quickly defeated, Serbia got Macedonia Its military had become large and experienced. power and its obvious nationalist ambitions. e Serbia had emerged more powerful state than previously . Austria-Hungary was alarmed at the increase in Serbian It looked for an opportunity to cut Serbia down to size.


  13. Courses of War: Assassination of A. Ferdinand . Germany attacked on Belgium to attack on France (schlieffen plan) The plan assumed that France was weak and could be beaten quickly, and that Russia was much stronger, but would take longer to mobilise its army. . The plan began to go wrong ,things got worse when Britain declared war on Germany on 4 August 1914 because, in a Treaty of 1839, Britain had promised to defend Belgium.


  14. Courses of War . Bulgaria asked the armistice in September, Turkey in October and Austria-Hungary surrendered in early November to flee to Holland armistice on November 11, 1918. . In Germany, a revolution overthrew Wilhelm II, who had . The new democratic regime had to sign the German The war was over


  15. Social impact .Rise of social problems Millions died or became crippled or disabled Many families lost their only earning members - created economic & social problems Many young women became widows -problem of serious family disharmonies . Male female ratio got disturbed


  16. Social impact .Freedom of women During the course of war, demand of labour increased in absence of male - filled up by women Women came out of their homes & began to work in factories Role of women changed, feeling of self confidence, self determination & courage grew


  17. Social impact . Women demanded equal status & rights with men Softening of racial feelings-people of almost all the races took part on a large scale, fight on common front & sharing common food & encountering common difficulties brought them nearer . Impetus to socialist ideas development of concept of socialism was gift of the war


  18. Social impact Literature, art & culture - many scholars, poet, scientist etc lost their lives Progress of science -destructive inventions was openly demonstrated in war, a feeling of scientific competition arose among all countries to make invention of science - immense progress was made in science after the war aspect of scientific .


  19. Political implications Decline of empires-Austria, Russia, Germany etc . Creations of new states - Adjustment of boundaries states-independence of Fungary, Poland, Yugoslavia etc . Growth of democratic government - Germany, Turky etc . Rise of dictatorship - Hitler in Germany, Mussolini in Italy, Lenin in Russia etc


  20. Economic Implications . Caused economic loss, wastages & vast destruction National debt of England, France, Germany etc increased, war expanses were more than the wealth of countries Invested all money in war - could not improve their industries, trade etc Price of all goods & commodities shot up due to decrease in production


  21. About Me . Name- Sunil Kumar Singh . JRF, Pursuing research in History . Faced UPSC interview in 2015, and 2016 . Taught history for 3 years at University level Follow me at: https://unacademy.com/user/kumarsunilvns99


  22. 1st World War . World War I major conflict fought -1914 1918. . Fought b/w the Allied Powers and the Central Powers. 1) Allied Powers France, Russia, Great Britain. The United States also fought on the side of the Allies after 1917. Petrogrn Britain Mesonw Russia German Austria- Hungary Frast 2)_Central Powers -Germany, France italy Black Sea Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria. Spain Turkey The Ottorman Empire


  23. 1st World War . Took place in Europe along two fronts: The western front and the eastern front. . The western front -a long line of trenches that ran from the coast of Belgium to Switzerland The eastern front between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Bulgaria on one side and Russia and Romania on the other


  24. 1st World War: Causes of War Catalyst of War - assassination Franz Ferdinand, the Archduke of Austria by Serb Nationalist The system of alliance . Growth of nationalism laid to war . Imperialism & economic rivalries . The militarism & armament race . Absence of international institution . Issue of Alsace-Lorriane . International crisis -Moroccan crisis, Balkan war