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1st world war Part-8(in hindi)
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It's discussion of 1st world war. What was it. What was it's reason etc

Sunil Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Sunil Singh
History lecturer, Faced UPSC & State PSC interviews.

U
Unacademy user
  1. 1st World War .What . Rival groups . Where . Causes .Course of War . Impact


  2. About Me . Name- Sunil Kumar Singh . JRF, Pursuing research in History . Faced UPSC interview in 2015, and 2016 . Taught history for 3 years at University level Follow me at: https://unacademy.com/user/kumarsunilvns99


  3. 1st World War .What . Rival groups . Where . Causes .Course of War . Impact


  4. 1st World War: Causes of War Catalyst of War - assassination Franz Ferdinand, the Archduke of Austria by Serb Nationalist The system of alliance . Growth of nationalism laid to war . Imperialism & economic rivalries . The militarism & armament race . Absence of international institution . Issue of Alsace-Lorriane . International crisis -Moroccan crisis, Balkan war


  5. Courses of War 1st Balkan war-1912 Involved Balkan league (Serbia, Greece, Montenegro and Bulgaria ) Vs Turkey United Austrian States Soviet Union Romania Ital . Serbia wanted Albania to get Black Sa Kingdom of Serbla reach to sea but Austria opposed & Albania became independent BulgariaMarmara SSR Albania Naples enian Sea Ottomarn Turkey Greece It increased Serb discontent against Austria Balkan Region, 1870


  6. Courses of War : 2nd Balkan war-1913 . Bulgaria quarreled with other members of the League about the number of Bulgarians now living under Serbian or Greek control in Macedonia and Salonika dian Empire Romania Austre Bosna and Hercozoving Serbia nprian Enpe shoe 1878 Empire snoe 1830 ndependent since 1878 . The Bulgarians attacked their former Bulgaria allies. utonomous waw Enpie 1878 1308 od Independence 1908 Adhote Sea . Turley also joined in against Bulgaria, Treaty of Bucharest, 1913 hoping to regain some of her territory lost the previous year. acedonia Caded to Greece Ceded to Bulgani 1912 Intemational boundary 908-13 Aegan Ser


  7. Courses of War : 2nd Balkan war-1913 Bulgaria was quickly defeated, Serbia got Macedonia Its military had become large and experienced. power and its obvious nationalist ambitions. e Serbia had emerged more powerful state than previously . Austria-Hungary was alarmed at the increase in Serbian It looked for an opportunity to cut Serbia down to size.


  8. Courses of War: Assassination of A. Ferdinand . June 28, 1914 Archduke Ferdinand, assassinated in Sarajevo (Bosnia), Gavrilo Princip, a member of the Serbian terrorist organization "Black Hand" . Triggered a fatal series of events that led to the war. Austria declared war on Serbia, Russia prepared to defend its ally Serbia. Germany declared war on Russia to protect Austria. This caused France to declare war on Germany


  9. Courses of War: Assassination of A. Ferdinand . Germany attacked on Belgium to attack on France (schlieffen plan) The plan assumed that France was weak and could be beaten quickly, and that Russia was much stronger, but would take longer to mobilise its army. . The plan began to go wrong ,things got worse when Britain declared war on Germany on 4 August 1914 because, in a Treaty of 1839, Britain had promised to defend Belgium.


  10. Courses of War: Entry of USA . 1917 -Two great events came to turn the tide of the war The U.S. entry into the war in April - 1)German Atrocities in Belgium THE DAILY MISSOUR AN Economic Interests 3) Sinking of the Lusitania 4) Unrestricted Submarine Warfare 5) Zimmermann Telegram 3) Sinking of the lusitana OFFICIALLY AT WAR AT 1:13 0CLOCK TOOAY


  11. Courses of War: Exit of Russia . Russia out of the conflict in Dec.- Russian Revolution (Treaty of Brest-Litvosk with Germany march 1918) . The arrival of U.S. troops in Europe balanced the scales in favor of the Entente


  12. Courses of War . Bulgaria asked the armistice in September, Turkey in October and Austria-Hungary surrendered in early November to flee to Holland armistice on November 11, 1918. . In Germany, a revolution overthrew Wilhelm II, who had . The new democratic regime had to sign the German The war was over


  13. After war Treaties The victorious countries signed different peace treaties with each of the various defeated nations: .The Treaty of Versailles with Germany, The Treaty of Saint- Germain with Austria, The Treaty of Trianon with Hungary, The Treaty of Neuilly with Bulgaria and The treaty of Sevres and later Lausanne treaty with Turkey


  14. Social impact . Women demanded equal status & rights with men Softening of racial feelings-people of almost all the races took part on a large scale, fight on common front & sharing common food & encountering common difficulties brought them nearer . Impetus to socialist ideas development of concept of socialism was gift of the war


  15. Social impact Literature, art & culture - many scholars, poet, scientist etc lost their lives Progress of science -destructive inventions was openly demonstrated in war, a feeling of scientific competition arose among all countries to make invention of science - immense progress was made in science after the war aspect of scientific .


  16. Political implications Decline of empires-Austria, Russia, Germany etc . Creations of new states - Adjustment of boundaries states-independence of Fungary, Poland, Yugoslavia etc . Growth of democratic government - Germany, Turky etc . Rise of dictatorship - Hitler in Germany, Mussolini in Italy, Lenin in Russia etc


  17. Political implications Foundation of League of Nation . Emergence of USA on world scene - before 1 world war, did not interfere in European affairs, played an important wining the war, active role in solving two difficult problems- economic depression & economic reconstruction Acceptance of principle of right of self determination . Spread of nationalism


  18. Economic Implications . Caused economic loss, wastages & vast destruction National debt of England, France, Germany etc increased, war expanses were more than the wealth of countries Invested all money in war - could not improve their industries, trade etc Price of all goods & commodities shot up due to decrease in production


  19. 1st World War . World War I major conflict fought -1914 1918. . Fought b/w the Allied Powers and the Central Powers. 1) Allied Powers France, Russia, Great Britain. The United States also fought on the side of the Allies after 1917. Petrogrn Britain Mesonw Russia German Austria- Hungary Frast 2)_Central Powers -Germany, France italy Black Sea Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria. Spain Turkey The Ottorman Empire


  20. 1st World War: Causes of War Catalyst of War - assassination Franz Ferdinand, the Archduke of Austria by Serb Nationalist The system of alliance . Growth of nationalism laid to war . Imperialism & economic rivalries . The militarism & armament race . Absence of international institution . Issue of Alsace-Lorriane . International crisis -Moroccan crisis, Balkan war


  21. Starting of War . Germany invaded Belgium to get to France which caused . This all happened in just a few days. . One side -Triple Alliance Germany, Austria-Hungary and Britain to declare war on Germany. Divided Europe into two armed camps- Italy, Their enemy was the Triple Entente- France, Russia and Great Britain. Triple Alliance known as the Central Powers Triple Entente became the Allied Forces.


  22. Causes of War : System of Rival alliance Main Rival Group- LE SECOND de Pase . 1) Germany Vs France - Germany consideredEG France as her greatest enemy - French could not forget Alsace-Lorriane (Annexed in War of Sedan) . So attempted to isolate France - formed league of three Emperors in 1873 Germany, Russia, Austria Alsace and Lorraine formed the border between France and Prussia, adding to conflict