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2nd World war part-1(in hindi)
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It's discussion of 2nd world war. What was it. What was the reason behind it etc

Sunil Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Sunil Singh
History lecturer, Faced UPSC & State PSC interviews.

U
Unacademy user
As I am preparing for UPSC, I have to read the news paper week wise. For ex:- I read The Hindu on 1st of Dec and on 2nd, I will also have to read the hindu from the notes. In this way I have to read one newspaper for one week to keep my self updated. So can I just watch this videos which you are uploading on Unacademy and simply revise it for a week??? Sir, please do answer
  1. 2nd World War . What was it . When was it Where was it . Causes .Corse of War


  2. About Me Name- Sunil Kumar Singh JRF, Pursuing research in History Faced UPSC interview in 2015, and 2016 . Taught history for 3 years at University level e Follow me at: https://unacademy.com/user/kumarsunilvns99


  3. 2nd World War . What was it . When was it Where was it . Causes .Corse of War


  4. What was 1)AXIS POWERS taly Japan World War I was fought between VS. the ALLIED POWERS (actively in combat in 1942) The Axis Powers (Germany, Italy, Japan) And the Allied Powers (Britain, United States, Soviet Union, France) Most of the countries in the world were involved in some way UK (1939 USSR194) US (1941)


  5. When was it Started in 1939 when Germany invaded Poland. 1939 Invasion of Poland Beginning WWIl * Great Britain and France responded by declaring war on Germany The war in Europe ended with Germany's surrender on May 7, 1945. German Invasion of Poland USSR Occupation of East Poland . The war in the Pacific ended when Japan surrendered on September 2, 1945.


  6. Where was it World War Il started in Europe, but spread throughout the world. Much of the fighting took place in Europe and in Southeast Asia (Pacific).


  7. Causes . Follies of victors at Versailles . Aggressive nationalism of Germany Rise of Fascism in Italy . Japanese imperialism . Dissatisfaction of national minorities Economic depression .Failure of the league . Failure of disarmament


  8. Causes Ideological conflict Attitude of western power towards Russia . Policy of appeasement . Role of treaty of Versailles


  9. Follies of victors at Versailles .The Treaty of Versailles ended World War I between Germany and the Allied Powers. . The treaty was very harsh TERMS GERMA against Germany. Germany forced to "accept the responsibility" of the war damages suffered by the Allies, PEOPLE ALL DAMAGE ON LAND eR SEA


  10. Follies of victors at Versailles Germany pay a huge sum of money DENMARK Areas of Germany being debated at the Treaty of Versailles: Saar Basin Ruhr Valley NORTHERN called reparations. . Alsace-Lorraine returned to France . Demilitarisation of the Rhineland . Germany forbidden to unite with GREAT BRITAIN Rhineland NETHERLANDS GERMANY WEST PRUSSIA POLAND BEGM Ruhr Valley UPPER SILESIA Basin CZECHOSLOVAKIA ALSACE-LORRAINE Austria FRANCE AUSTRIA HUNGARY SWITZERLAND e Curb - Battleships, men, naval men, aircraft


  11. Follies of victors at Versailles DENMARK Dictated peace NORTHERN SLESVIG The Saar The Ruhr German territory GREAT BRITAIN Humiliating treaty Revengeful treaty People were starving and the government was in chaos Rhineland (demilitarised zone) NETHERLANDS GERMANY WEST PRUSSIA POLAND BELGIUM . Harsh terms & conditions of treaty UPPER SILESIA ALSACE-LORRAINE FRANCE AUSTRIA HUNGARY SWITZERLAND e Result left the German economy in ruins .Rise of Hitler


  12. Rise of Fascism . Economic turmoil left behind by World War 1 . Some countries- dictators formed powerful fascist governments. . The first fascist government -Spain - ruled by the dictator Franco Mussolini took control of Italy . Hitler and the Nazi Party In Germany


  13. Rise of Fascism . Hitler and the Nazi Party In Germany, Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party rose to power. DENMARK NORTHERN SLESV G The Saar The Ruhr German territory . The Germans were desperate for GREAT URITAIN RNineland (demirtarised zonel someone to turn around their economy and restore their national pride. Hitler offered them hope NETHERLANDS WEST PRUSSIA POLAND BELGUM UPPER SILESIA LUXEMBOURG CZECHOSLOVAKIA ALSACE-LORRANE FRANCE AUSTRIA HUNGARY SWITZERLAND


  14. Policy of Appeasement Appeasement After World War 1-Why? . The nations of Europe were weary and did not want another war. . Economic depression Selfish interests of democratic states Misunderstanding about intentions of dictators


  15. Policy of Appeasement Fear of spread of communism . Desire to maintaining balance of power . Britain and France hoped to keep peace through appeasement Tried to make Germany and Hitler happy rather than try to stop him. . The policy of appeasement backfired. It only made Hitler bolder


  16. . Conflict b/w fascist state of Germany, Italy etc & democratic states Britain, France & USA No compromise, either we or they . Conflict was inevitable due to their different approach Fascist states wanted to expand their territories . Invoked clash with the powers who were not willing to sacrifice their colonial empire


  17. Failure of league Created to eliminate war . Suffered early blow - USA could not join1919 Members showed indifference to the principle of collective security . Coercive machinery of the league was not adequate to cope with the task entrusted to it . Economic sanction were useless-e.g. - ltaly


  18. Attitude of western powers towards Russia . Western power continued to treat Russia as an outcast . Scared of bolshevism & encouraged the fascist & pro- fascist politicians in the west against Bolshevik expansion Western power failed to realise the fascist aggression . Russia got frustrated with attitude of western power


  19. Second step: Germanv, 1935-36 DENMARK . 1933 Hitler withdrew from League NORTHERN SLESVIG The Saar The Ruhr German territory Sudetenland Rhineland (demilitarised zone) GREAT BRITAIN Apr 1935 denounced the clauses of the Treaty of Versailles - rebuilt German armed forces GERMANY WEST PRUSSIA POLAND BELGIUM UPPER SILESIA LUXEMBOURG FRANCE AUSTRIA HUNGARY June 1935 British signed a naval agreement with Germany limiting the German navy to one third the size of the British March 1936 reoccupation of the Rhineland - Britain, France did nothing


  20. Third step : Attack on Ethiopia . October 3, 1935, Italy attacked Ethiopia without a declaration of war. WAR BEGINS IN ETHIOPIA ITALY ATTACKS TRIBESMEN The League of Nations declared Italy an aggressor, but as usual, took no action against the country PARIS CHESSBOARD 20 Million . In 1936 Mussolini made "Rome-Berlin axis" - a treaty of friendship with Adolf Hitler's Germany The two dictators with their shared ideological affinities,"


  21. Fourth step : Annexation of Austria . Hitler wanted all German-speaking nations in Europe to be a part of Germany . Designs on re-uniting Germany with his native homeland, Austria. Under the terms of the Treaty of Versailles, however, Germany and Austria were forbidden to be unified ESTONIA SWEDEN LATVLA DENMARK LITHUANIA GREAT BRITAIN NETHERLANDS GERMANY POLAND CZECHOSLOVAKIA FRANCE SWITZERLAND HUNGARY TALY ROMANIA SPAIN Austria BULGARIA German territory ALBANIA


  22. . In 1936 Hitler and Mussolini - Rome-Berlin Axis during their . Austria had lost the protection of Italy and was vulnerable .March 1938 Fourth step : Annexation of Austria joint involvement in the Spanish Civil War (1936-39) to German attack. German troops marched into Austria unopposed. Hitler now had control of Austria. . Hitler held a rigged referendum. The results showed that the Austrian people approved of German control of their country


  23. Fifth step : Invasion to Czechoslovakia Raised question of discrimination of Sudeten German German troops marched into Czechoslovakia . British & French PM pressurized Czechoslovakia -hand over Sudetenland to Germany & gave assurance to protect Czechoslovakia


  24. Fifth step : Invasion to Czechoslovakia Now Hitler's invaded to Czechoslovakia it was the end of appeasement: It proved that Hitler had been lying at Munich It showed that Hitler was not just interested in a 'Greater Germany' (the Czechs were not Germans)


  25. Fifth step : Invasion to Czechoslovakia On 17th March, Chamberlain gave a speech saying that he could not trust Hitler not to invade other countries. ESTONIA SWEDEN LATVIA DENMARK LITHUANIA GREAT BRITAIN NETHERLANDS GERMANY BELGIUM . On 31st March, Chamberlain POLAND guaranteed to defend Poland if Germany invaded FRANCE HUNGARY ITALY ROMANIA SPAIN Rhineland (demilitarised zone) Austria BULGARIA German territory ALBANIA


  26. Fifth step: Invasion to Poland Enabled Germany to attack Poland without the fear of Soviet intervention. On September 1, 1939, Germany Geman invaded Poland. The Polish mrea was defeated within weeks of the invasion. 1939 Invasion of Poland - Beginning WWIl USSR Occupation of East Poland Invasion of e Britain and France, standing by their guarantee o Poland's border, had declared war on Germany on September 3, 1939


  27. About Me Name- Sunil Kumar Singh JRF, Pursuing research in History Faced UPSC interview in 2015, and 2016 . Taught history for 3 years at University level e Follow me at: https://unacademy.com/user/kumarsunilvns99


  28. What was 1)AXIS POWERS taly Japan World War I was fought between VS. the ALLIED POWERS (actively in combat in 1942) The Axis Powers (Germany, Italy, Japan) And the Allied Powers (Britain, United States, Soviet Union, France) Most of the countries in the world were involved in some way UK (1939 USSR194) US (1941)


  29. Causes . Follies of victors at Versailles . Aggressive nationalism of Germany Rise of Fascism in Italy . Japanese imperialism . Dissatisfaction of national minorities Economic depression .Failure of the league . Failure of disarmament


  30. Causes Ideological conflict Attitude of western power towards Russia . Policy of appeasement . Role of treaty of Versailles


  31. Follies of victors at Versailles .The Treaty of Versailles ended World War I between Germany and the Allied Powers. . The treaty was very harsh TERMS GERMA against Germany. Germany forced to "accept the responsibility" of the war damages suffered by the Allies, PEOPLE ALL DAMAGE ON LAND eR SEA


  32. Rise of Fascism These dictators wanted to expand their empires and began to look for new lands to conquer. Proposed & Slogan - Establish prestige ,Stability of nation, Arouse national sentiments etc . . Italy invaded and took over Ethiopia in 1935. Adolf Hitler would emulate Mussolini in his take over of Germany.


  33. Rise of Fascism . Hitler and the Nazi Party In Germany, Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party rose to power. DENMARK NORTHERN SLESV G The Saar The Ruhr German territory . The Germans were desperate for GREAT URITAIN RNineland (demirtarised zonel someone to turn around their economy and restore their national pride. Hitler offered them hope NETHERLANDS WEST PRUSSIA POLAND BELGUM UPPER SILESIA LUXEMBOURG CZECHOSLOVAKIA ALSACE-LORRANE FRANCE AUSTRIA HUNGARY SWITZERLAND


  34. Policy of Appeasement Fear of spread of communism . Desire to maintaining balance of power . Britain and France hoped to keep peace through appeasement Tried to make Germany and Hitler happy rather than try to stop him. . The policy of appeasement backfired. It only made Hitler bolder


  35. Great Depression . The period before World War ll was a time of great economic suffering throughout the world called the Great Depression. . Result Many people were out of work and struggling to survive. . Unstable governments and worldwide turmoil . Rise of Fascist power etc