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2nd world war part-2(in hindi)
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It's discussion of 2nd world war. What was it. What was the reason behind it etc

Sunil Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Sunil Singh
History lecturer, Faced UPSC & State PSC interviews.

U
Unacademy user
Maam, The year should have been 1891 instead of 1981...Also found some errors in other videos of daily dose. Please keep your facts right.
Sunil Singh
a year ago
Roshan, Keep on learning and sharing...
  1. 2nd World War . What was it . When was it Where was it . Causes .Corse of War


  2. About Me Name- Sunil Kumar Singh JRF, Pursuing research in History Faced UPSC interview in 2015, and 2016 . Taught history for 3 years at University level e Follow me at: https://unacademy.com/user/kumarsunilvns99


  3. 2nd World War . What was it . When was it Where was it . Causes .Corse of War


  4. What was 1)AXIS POWERS taly Japan World War I was fought between VS. the ALLIED POWERS (actively in combat in 1942) The Axis Powers (Germany, Italy, Japan) And the Allied Powers (Britain, United States, Soviet Union, France) Most of the countries in the world were involved in some way UK (1939 USSR194) US (1941)


  5. When was it Started in 1939 when Germany invaded Poland. 1939 Invasion of Poland Beginning WWIl * Great Britain and France responded by declaring war on Germany The war in Europe ended with Germany's surrender on May 7, 1945. German Invasion of Poland USSR Occupation of East Poland . The war in the Pacific ended when Japan surrendered on September 2, 1945.


  6. Causes . Follies of victors at Versailles . Aggressive nationalism of Germany Rise of Fascism in Italy . Japanese imperialism . Dissatisfaction of national minorities Economic depression .Failure of the league . Failure of disarmament


  7. Follies of victors at Versailles .The Treaty of Versailles ended World War I between Germany and the Allied Powers. . The treaty was very harsh TERMS GERMA against Germany. Germany forced to "accept the responsibility" of the war damages suffered by the Allies, PEOPLE ALL DAMAGE ON LAND eR SEA


  8. Follies of victors at Versailles Germany pay a huge sum of money DENMARK Areas of Germany being debated at the Treaty of Versailles: Saar Basin Ruhr Valley NORTHERN called reparations. . Alsace-Lorraine returned to France . Demilitarisation of the Rhineland . Germany forbidden to unite with GREAT BRITAIN Rhineland NETHERLANDS GERMANY WEST PRUSSIA POLAND BEGM Ruhr Valley UPPER SILESIA Basin CZECHOSLOVAKIA ALSACE-LORRAINE Austria FRANCE AUSTRIA HUNGARY SWITZERLAND e Curb - Battleships, men, naval men, aircraft


  9. Follies of victors at Versailles DENMARK Dictated peace NORTHERN SLESVIG The Saar The Ruhr German territory GREAT BRITAIN Humiliating treaty Revengeful treaty People were starving and the government was in chaos Rhineland (demilitarised zone) NETHERLANDS GERMANY WEST PRUSSIA POLAND BELGIUM . Harsh terms & conditions of treaty UPPER SILESIA ALSACE-LORRAINE FRANCE AUSTRIA HUNGARY SWITZERLAND e Result left the German economy in ruins .Rise of Hitler


  10. Rise of Fascism . Economic turmoil left behind by World War 1 . Some countries- dictators formed powerful fascist governments. . The first fascist government -Spain - ruled by the dictator Franco Mussolini took control of Italy . Hitler and the Nazi Party In Germany


  11. Rise of Fascism These dictators wanted to expand their empires and began to look for new lands to conquer. Proposed & Slogan - Establish prestige ,Stability of nation, Arouse national sentiments etc . . Italy invaded and took over Ethiopia in 1935. Adolf Hitler would emulate Mussolini in his take over of Germany.


  12. Rise of Fascism . Hitler and the Nazi Party In Germany, Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party rose to power. DENMARK NORTHERN SLESV G The Saar The Ruhr German territory . The Germans were desperate for GREAT URITAIN RNineland (demirtarised zonel someone to turn around their economy and restore their national pride. Hitler offered them hope NETHERLANDS WEST PRUSSIA POLAND BELGUM UPPER SILESIA LUXEMBOURG CZECHOSLOVAKIA ALSACE-LORRANE FRANCE AUSTRIA HUNGARY SWITZERLAND


  13. Policy of Appeasement Appeasement After World War 1-Why? . The nations of Europe were weary and did not want another war. . Economic depression Selfish interests of democratic states Misunderstanding about intentions of dictators


  14. Policy of Appeasement . Italy and Germany became aggressive ,began to take over their neighbors , build up their armies . Example of appeasement . Italy invaded, took over Ethiopia in 1935 - no strict action . Germany Increased arm strength .Took over Austria, invaded Czechoslovakia - No Strict action etc Result - Rise of Dictators, increased tension


  15. Great Depression . The period before World War ll was a time of great economic suffering throughout the world called the Great Depression. . Result Many people were out of work and struggling to survive. . Unstable governments and worldwide turmoil . Rise of Fascist power etc


  16. Attitude of western powers towards Russia . Western power continued to treat Russia as an outcast . Scared of bolshevism & encouraged the fascist & pro- fascist politicians in the west against Bolshevik expansion Western power failed to realise the fascist aggression . Russia got frustrated with attitude of western power


  17. Development . Adolf Hitler, leader of the National Socialist (Nazi) party,- promised overturn the treaty, restore order to their nation - a superior race . In 1937, Germany signed the Berlin-Rome-Tokyo Axis . Two years later, on September 1, Great Britain, 1939, the Second World War began when Nazi Germany Poland invaded The Germany Poland ov France Romania Spain aBulgaria


  18. First step : Manchuria, 1931 Japanese attacked on Manchuria 1931 SOVIET UNION . League of Nations condemned the Outer Mongoia MANCHURA Japanese act as aggression Neither League nor USA, fortified its verbal protests by effective actions Feldng KOREA JAPAN CHINA Shanghal Pacific Ocean . Japan withdrew from the League . First formal breach in the league structure


  19. Fourth step : Annexation of Austria . Hitler wanted all German-speaking nations in Europe to be a part of Germany . Designs on re-uniting Germany with his native homeland, Austria. Under the terms of the Treaty of Versailles, however, Germany and Austria were forbidden to be unified ESTONIA SWEDEN LATVLA DENMARK LITHUANIA GREAT BRITAIN NETHERLANDS GERMANY POLAND CZECHOSLOVAKIA FRANCE SWITZERLAND HUNGARY TALY ROMANIA SPAIN Austria BULGARIA German territory ALBANIA


  20. Fourth step : Annexation of Austria . Hitler ordered the Austrian Nazis to ESTONIA SWEDEN create havoc in Austria. This turned into an attempt to overthrow the government LATVIA DENMARK LITHUANIA GREAT BRITAIN NETHERLANDS GERMANY BELGIUM POLAND CZECHOSLOVAKIA . In 1934, Italy had an agreement FRANCE HUNGARY with Austria that it would protect Austria from outside aggression. ITALY ROMANIA SPAIN Rhineland (demilitarised zone) Austria BULGARIA German territory ALBANIA


  21. . In 1936 Hitler and Mussolini - Rome-Berlin Axis during their . Austria had lost the protection of Italy and was vulnerable .March 1938 Fourth step : Annexation of Austria joint involvement in the Spanish Civil War (1936-39) to German attack. German troops marched into Austria unopposed. Hitler now had control of Austria. . Hitler held a rigged referendum. The results showed that the Austrian people approved of German control of their country


  22. Fifth step : Invasion to Czechoslovakia Now Hitler's invaded to Czechoslovakia it was the end of appeasement: It proved that Hitler had been lying at Munich It showed that Hitler was not just interested in a 'Greater Germany' (the Czechs were not Germans)


  23. Fifth step : Invasion to Czechoslovakia On 17th March, Chamberlain gave a speech saying that he could not trust Hitler not to invade other countries. ESTONIA SWEDEN LATVIA DENMARK LITHUANIA GREAT BRITAIN NETHERLANDS GERMANY BELGIUM . On 31st March, Chamberlain POLAND guaranteed to defend Poland if Germany invaded FRANCE HUNGARY ITALY ROMANIA SPAIN Rhineland (demilitarised zone) Austria BULGARIA German territory ALBANIA


  24. Fifth step : Invasion to Poland . Signed a nonaggression pact with Poland in January 1934 . Hitler sought the nonaggression pact in order to neutralize the possibility of a French-Polish military alliance against Germany before Germany had a chance to rearm. Hitler & Poland Free City of Danzig and the SWEDEN called Polish Corridor, 1919 . Lebensraum . Polish LITHUANI Corridor . Goal = German Unification Pruasa POLANI Warsan GERMANY


  25. Fifth step : Invasion to Poland . Hitler demanded Danzig polish corridor Poland ignored - had British protection .Hitler signed, Baltic Sea EAST PRUSSIA The of August 1939- Poland was to be partitioned between the two powers German-Soviet Pact DANZIG ALLENSTEIN MARIENWERDER POZNANIA The Polish Corridor GERMANY POLAND After World War I Transferred to Poland EAST UPPER 100 mi UPPER SILESIA WES ILESI by Versailles Treaty Voted to become Polish Voted to remain German 50 0 50 100 km


  26. End of the War Ended with the unconditional surrender of Germany in May 1945 In the East, the war ended when Japan surrendered unconditionally on August 14th, signing their surrender on September 2nd. . e The Japanese surrender occurred after the United States dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki on the 6th and 9th of August. The date of the Japanese surrender is known as Victory Over Japan Day or V-J Day


  27. About Me Name- Sunil Kumar Singh JRF, Pursuing research in History Faced UPSC interview in 2015, and 2016 . Taught history for 3 years at University level e Follow me at: https://unacademy.com/user/kumarsunilvns99


  28. Causes . Follies of victors at Versailles . Aggressive nationalism of Germany Rise of Fascism in Italy . Japanese imperialism . Dissatisfaction of national minorities Economic depression .Failure of the league . Failure of disarmament


  29. Causes Ideological conflict Attitude of western power towards Russia . Policy of appeasement . Role of treaty of Versailles


  30. Follies of victors at Versailles .The Treaty of Versailles ended World War I between Germany and the Allied Powers. . The treaty was very harsh TERMS GERMA against Germany. Germany forced to "accept the responsibility" of the war damages suffered by the Allies, PEOPLE ALL DAMAGE ON LAND eR SEA


  31. Rise of Fascism These dictators wanted to expand their empires and began to look for new lands to conquer. Proposed & Slogan - Establish prestige ,Stability of nation, Arouse national sentiments etc . . Italy invaded and took over Ethiopia in 1935. Adolf Hitler would emulate Mussolini in his take over of Germany.


  32. Rise of Fascism . Hitler and the Nazi Party In Germany, Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party rose to power. DENMARK NORTHERN SLESV G The Saar The Ruhr German territory . The Germans were desperate for GREAT URITAIN RNineland (demirtarised zonel someone to turn around their economy and restore their national pride. Hitler offered them hope NETHERLANDS WEST PRUSSIA POLAND BELGUM UPPER SILESIA LUXEMBOURG CZECHOSLOVAKIA ALSACE-LORRANE FRANCE AUSTRIA HUNGARY SWITZERLAND