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2nd world war part-3(in hindi)
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It's discussion of 2nd world war. What was it. What was the reason behind it etc

Sunil Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Sunil Singh
History lecturer, Faced UPSC & State PSC interviews.

U
Unacademy user
  1. 2nd World War . What was it . When was it Where was it . Causes .Corse of War


  2. About Me Name- Sunil Kumar Singh JRF, Pursuing research in History Faced UPSC interview in 2015, and 2016 . Taught history for 3 years at University level e Follow me at: https://unacademy.com/user/kumarsunilvns99


  3. 2nd World War . What was it . When was it Where was it . Causes .Corse of War


  4. What was 1)AXIS POWERS taly Japan World War I was fought between VS. the ALLIED POWERS (actively in combat in 1942) The Axis Powers (Germany, Italy, Japan) And the Allied Powers (Britain, United States, Soviet Union, France) Most of the countries in the world were involved in some way UK (1939 USSR194) US (1941)


  5. Causes . Follies of victors at Versailles . Aggressive nationalism of Germany Rise of Fascism in Italy . Japanese imperialism . Dissatisfaction of national minorities Economic depression .Failure of the league . Failure of disarmament


  6. Rise of Fascism . Economic turmoil left behind by World War 1 . Some countries- dictators formed powerful fascist governments. . The first fascist government -Spain - ruled by the dictator Franco Mussolini took control of Italy . Hitler and the Nazi Party In Germany


  7. Rise of Fascism These dictators wanted to expand their empires and began to look for new lands to conquer. Proposed & Slogan - Establish prestige ,Stability of nation, Arouse national sentiments etc . . Italy invaded and took over Ethiopia in 1935. Adolf Hitler would emulate Mussolini in his take over of Germany.


  8. Rise of Fascism . Hitler and the Nazi Party In Germany, Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party rose to power. DENMARK NORTHERN SLESV G The Saar The Ruhr German territory . The Germans were desperate for GREAT URITAIN RNineland (demirtarised zonel someone to turn around their economy and restore their national pride. Hitler offered them hope NETHERLANDS WEST PRUSSIA POLAND BELGUM UPPER SILESIA LUXEMBOURG CZECHOSLOVAKIA ALSACE-LORRANE FRANCE AUSTRIA HUNGARY SWITZERLAND


  9. Rise of Fascism . He first took over Austria in 1938. . When the League of Nations did nothing to stop him, Hitler became bolder And took over Czechoslovakia in 1939 ,then attacked to Poland


  10. Policy of Appeasement Appeasement After World War 1-Why? . The nations of Europe were weary and did not want another war. . Economic depression Selfish interests of democratic states Misunderstanding about intentions of dictators


  11. Policy of Appeasement Fear of spread of communism . Desire to maintaining balance of power . Britain and France hoped to keep peace through appeasement Tried to make Germany and Hitler happy rather than try to stop him. . The policy of appeasement backfired. It only made Hitler bolder


  12. Policy of Appeasement . Italy and Germany became aggressive ,began to take over their neighbors , build up their armies . Example of appeasement . Italy invaded, took over Ethiopia in 1935 - no strict action . Germany Increased arm strength .Took over Austria, invaded Czechoslovakia - No Strict action etc Result - Rise of Dictators, increased tension


  13. . Conflict b/w fascist state of Germany, Italy etc & democratic states Britain, France & USA No compromise, either we or they . Conflict was inevitable due to their different approach Fascist states wanted to expand their territories . Invoked clash with the powers who were not willing to sacrifice their colonial empire


  14. Development . Adolf Hitler, leader of the National Socialist (Nazi) party,- promised overturn the treaty, restore order to their nation - a superior race . In 1937, Germany signed the Berlin-Rome-Tokyo Axis . Two years later, on September 1, Great Britain, 1939, the Second World War began when Nazi Germany Poland invaded The Germany Poland ov France Romania Spain aBulgaria


  15. Third step : Attack on Ethiopia . October 3, 1935, Italy attacked Ethiopia without a declaration of war. WAR BEGINS IN ETHIOPIA ITALY ATTACKS TRIBESMEN The League of Nations declared Italy an aggressor, but as usual, took no action against the country PARIS CHESSBOARD 20 Million . In 1936 Mussolini made "Rome-Berlin axis" - a treaty of friendship with Adolf Hitler's Germany The two dictators with their shared ideological affinities,"


  16. Fourth step : Annexation of Austria . Hitler wanted all German-speaking nations in Europe to be a part of Germany . Designs on re-uniting Germany with his native homeland, Austria. Under the terms of the Treaty of Versailles, however, Germany and Austria were forbidden to be unified ESTONIA SWEDEN LATVLA DENMARK LITHUANIA GREAT BRITAIN NETHERLANDS GERMANY POLAND CZECHOSLOVAKIA FRANCE SWITZERLAND HUNGARY TALY ROMANIA SPAIN Austria BULGARIA German territory ALBANIA


  17. Fourth step : Annexation of Austria . Hitler ordered the Austrian Nazis to ESTONIA SWEDEN create havoc in Austria. This turned into an attempt to overthrow the government LATVIA DENMARK LITHUANIA GREAT BRITAIN NETHERLANDS GERMANY BELGIUM POLAND CZECHOSLOVAKIA . In 1934, Italy had an agreement FRANCE HUNGARY with Austria that it would protect Austria from outside aggression. ITALY ROMANIA SPAIN Rhineland (demilitarised zone) Austria BULGARIA German territory ALBANIA


  18. Fifth step : Invasion to Czechoslovakia Raised question of discrimination of Sudeten German German troops marched into Czechoslovakia . British & French PM pressurized Czechoslovakia -hand over Sudetenland to Germany & gave assurance to protect Czechoslovakia


  19. Fifth step : Invasion to Czechoslovakia Now Hitler's invaded to Czechoslovakia it was the end of appeasement: It proved that Hitler had been lying at Munich It showed that Hitler was not just interested in a 'Greater Germany' (the Czechs were not Germans)


  20. Fifth step : Invasion to Poland . Signed a nonaggression pact with Poland in January 1934 . Hitler sought the nonaggression pact in order to neutralize the possibility of a French-Polish military alliance against Germany before Germany had a chance to rearm. Hitler & Poland Free City of Danzig and the SWEDEN called Polish Corridor, 1919 . Lebensraum . Polish LITHUANI Corridor . Goal = German Unification Pruasa POLANI Warsan GERMANY


  21. Fifth step: Invasion to Poland Enabled Germany to attack Poland without the fear of Soviet intervention. On September 1, 1939, Germany Geman invaded Poland. The Polish mrea was defeated within weeks of the invasion. 1939 Invasion of Poland - Beginning WWIl USSR Occupation of East Poland Invasion of e Britain and France, standing by their guarantee o Poland's border, had declared war on Germany on September 3, 1939


  22. Entry of USSR & USA . Although Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression Pact in 1939, in 1941 Germany invaded the Soviet Union The Red Army stopped the Nazi offensive at the Battle of Stalingrad in 1943 and drove through Eastern Europe THE DAILY MISSOURIAN . The United States did not enter the war US, OFFICIALLY AT WAR after the Japanese bombed the fleet in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, December 7, 194.1


  23. End of the War Ended with the unconditional surrender of Germany in May 1945 In the East, the war ended when Japan surrendered unconditionally on August 14th, signing their surrender on September 2nd. . e The Japanese surrender occurred after the United States dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki on the 6th and 9th of August. The date of the Japanese surrender is known as Victory Over Japan Day or V-J Day


  24. About Me Name- Sunil Kumar Singh JRF, Pursuing research in History Faced UPSC interview in 2015, and 2016 . Taught history for 3 years at University level e Follow me at: https://unacademy.com/user/kumarsunilvns99


  25. When was it Started in 1939 when Germany invaded Poland. 1939 Invasion of Poland Beginning WWIl * Great Britain and France responded by declaring war on Germany The war in Europe ended with Germany's surrender on May 7, 1945. German Invasion of Poland USSR Occupation of East Poland . The war in the Pacific ended when Japan surrendered on September 2, 1945.


  26. Where was it World War Il started in Europe, but spread throughout the world. Much of the fighting took place in Europe and in Southeast Asia (Pacific).


  27. Follies of victors at Versailles DENMARK Dictated peace NORTHERN SLESVIG The Saar The Ruhr German territory GREAT BRITAIN Humiliating treaty Revengeful treaty People were starving and the government was in chaos Rhineland (demilitarised zone) NETHERLANDS GERMANY WEST PRUSSIA POLAND BELGIUM . Harsh terms & conditions of treaty UPPER SILESIA ALSACE-LORRAINE FRANCE AUSTRIA HUNGARY SWITZERLAND e Result left the German economy in ruins .Rise of Hitler