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2nd world war part-4(in hindi)
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It's discussion of 2nd world war. What was it. What was the reason behind it etc

Sunil Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Sunil Singh
History lecturer, Faced UPSC & State PSC interviews.

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Sunil Singh
a year ago
Abha, Keep on learning...
  1. 2nd World War . What was it . When was it Where was it . Causes .Corse of War


  2. About Me Name- Sunil Kumar Singh JRF, Pursuing research in History Faced UPSC interview in 2015, and 2016 . Taught history for 3 years at University level e Follow me at: https://unacademy.com/user/kumarsunilvns99


  3. 2nd World War . What was it . When was it Where was it . Causes .Corse of War


  4. Causes . Follies of victors at Versailles . Aggressive nationalism of Germany Rise of Fascism in Italy . Japanese imperialism . Dissatisfaction of national minorities Economic depression .Failure of the league . Failure of disarmament


  5. Causes Ideological conflict Attitude of western power towards Russia . Policy of appeasement . Role of treaty of Versailles


  6. Policy of Appeasement Appeasement After World War 1-Why? . The nations of Europe were weary and did not want another war. . Economic depression Selfish interests of democratic states Misunderstanding about intentions of dictators


  7. Policy of Appeasement Fear of spread of communism . Desire to maintaining balance of power . Britain and France hoped to keep peace through appeasement Tried to make Germany and Hitler happy rather than try to stop him. . The policy of appeasement backfired. It only made Hitler bolder


  8. Policy of Appeasement . Italy and Germany became aggressive ,began to take over their neighbors , build up their armies . Example of appeasement . Italy invaded, took over Ethiopia in 1935 - no strict action . Germany Increased arm strength .Took over Austria, invaded Czechoslovakia - No Strict action etc Result - Rise of Dictators, increased tension


  9. Great Depression . The period before World War ll was a time of great economic suffering throughout the world called the Great Depression. . Result Many people were out of work and struggling to survive. . Unstable governments and worldwide turmoil . Rise of Fascist power etc


  10. . Conflict b/w fascist state of Germany, Italy etc & democratic states Britain, France & USA No compromise, either we or they . Conflict was inevitable due to their different approach Fascist states wanted to expand their territories . Invoked clash with the powers who were not willing to sacrifice their colonial empire


  11. Failure of league Created to eliminate war . Suffered early blow - USA could not join1919 Members showed indifference to the principle of collective security . Coercive machinery of the league was not adequate to cope with the task entrusted to it . Economic sanction were useless-e.g. - ltaly


  12. Attitude of western powers towards Russia . Western power continued to treat Russia as an outcast . Scared of bolshevism & encouraged the fascist & pro- fascist politicians in the west against Bolshevik expansion Western power failed to realise the fascist aggression . Russia got frustrated with attitude of western power


  13. First step : Manchuria, 1931 Japanese attacked on Manchuria 1931 SOVIET UNION . League of Nations condemned the Outer Mongoia MANCHURA Japanese act as aggression Neither League nor USA, fortified its verbal protests by effective actions Feldng KOREA JAPAN CHINA Shanghal Pacific Ocean . Japan withdrew from the League . First formal breach in the league structure


  14. Fourth step : Annexation of Austria . Hitler wanted all German-speaking nations in Europe to be a part of Germany . Designs on re-uniting Germany with his native homeland, Austria. Under the terms of the Treaty of Versailles, however, Germany and Austria were forbidden to be unified ESTONIA SWEDEN LATVLA DENMARK LITHUANIA GREAT BRITAIN NETHERLANDS GERMANY POLAND CZECHOSLOVAKIA FRANCE SWITZERLAND HUNGARY TALY ROMANIA SPAIN Austria BULGARIA German territory ALBANIA


  15. Fifth step : Invasion to Czechoslovakia Raised question of discrimination of Sudeten German German troops marched into Czechoslovakia . British & French PM pressurized Czechoslovakia -hand over Sudetenland to Germany & gave assurance to protect Czechoslovakia


  16. Fifth step : Invasion to Czechoslovakia Now Hitler's invaded to Czechoslovakia it was the end of appeasement: It proved that Hitler had been lying at Munich It showed that Hitler was not just interested in a 'Greater Germany' (the Czechs were not Germans)


  17. Fifth step : Invasion to Czechoslovakia On 17th March, Chamberlain gave a speech saying that he could not trust Hitler not to invade other countries. ESTONIA SWEDEN LATVIA DENMARK LITHUANIA GREAT BRITAIN NETHERLANDS GERMANY BELGIUM . On 31st March, Chamberlain POLAND guaranteed to defend Poland if Germany invaded FRANCE HUNGARY ITALY ROMANIA SPAIN Rhineland (demilitarised zone) Austria BULGARIA German territory ALBANIA


  18. Fifth step: Invasion to Poland Enabled Germany to attack Poland without the fear of Soviet intervention. On September 1, 1939, Germany Geman invaded Poland. The Polish mrea was defeated within weeks of the invasion. 1939 Invasion of Poland - Beginning WWIl USSR Occupation of East Poland Invasion of e Britain and France, standing by their guarantee o Poland's border, had declared war on Germany on September 3, 1939


  19. End of the War Ended with the unconditional surrender of Germany in May 1945 In the East, the war ended when Japan surrendered unconditionally on August 14th, signing their surrender on September 2nd. . e The Japanese surrender occurred after the United States dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki on the 6th and 9th of August. The date of the Japanese surrender is known as Victory Over Japan Day or V-J Day


  20. When was it Started in 1939 when Germany invaded Poland. 1939 Invasion of Poland Beginning WWIl * Great Britain and France responded by declaring war on Germany The war in Europe ended with Germany's surrender on May 7, 1945. German Invasion of Poland USSR Occupation of East Poland . The war in the Pacific ended when Japan surrendered on September 2, 1945.


  21. Where was it World War Il started in Europe, but spread throughout the world. Much of the fighting took place in Europe and in Southeast Asia (Pacific).


  22. Causes . Follies of victors at Versailles . Aggressive nationalism of Germany Rise of Fascism in Italy . Japanese imperialism . Dissatisfaction of national minorities Economic depression .Failure of the league . Failure of disarmament


  23. Follies of victors at Versailles Germany pay a huge sum of money DENMARK Areas of Germany being debated at the Treaty of Versailles: Saar Basin Ruhr Valley NORTHERN called reparations. . Alsace-Lorraine returned to France . Demilitarisation of the Rhineland . Germany forbidden to unite with GREAT BRITAIN Rhineland NETHERLANDS GERMANY WEST PRUSSIA POLAND BEGM Ruhr Valley UPPER SILESIA Basin CZECHOSLOVAKIA ALSACE-LORRAINE Austria FRANCE AUSTRIA HUNGARY SWITZERLAND e Curb - Battleships, men, naval men, aircraft


  24. Rise of Fascism . Economic turmoil left behind by World War 1 . Some countries- dictators formed powerful fascist governments. . The first fascist government -Spain - ruled by the dictator Franco Mussolini took control of Italy . Hitler and the Nazi Party In Germany


  25. When was it Started in 1939 when Germany invaded Poland. 1939 Invasion of Poland Beginning WWIl * Great Britain and France responded by declaring war on Germany The war in Europe ended with Germany's surrender on May 7, 1945. German Invasion of Poland USSR Occupation of East Poland . The war in the Pacific ended when Japan surrendered on September 2, 1945.


  26. Where was it World War Il started in Europe, but spread throughout the world. Much of the fighting took place in Europe and in Southeast Asia (Pacific).


  27. Causes . Follies of victors at Versailles . Aggressive nationalism of Germany Rise of Fascism in Italy . Japanese imperialism . Dissatisfaction of national minorities Economic depression .Failure of the league . Failure of disarmament


  28. Rise of Fascism . Economic turmoil left behind by World War 1 . Some countries- dictators formed powerful fascist governments. . The first fascist government -Spain - ruled by the dictator Franco Mussolini took control of Italy . Hitler and the Nazi Party In Germany


  29. Rise of Fascism . He first took over Austria in 1938. . When the League of Nations did nothing to stop him, Hitler became bolder And took over Czechoslovakia in 1939 ,then attacked to Poland


  30. Policy of Appeasement Fear of spread of communism . Desire to maintaining balance of power . Britain and France hoped to keep peace through appeasement Tried to make Germany and Hitler happy rather than try to stop him. . The policy of appeasement backfired. It only made Hitler bolder