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2nd world war part-8(in hindi)
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It's discussion of 2nd world war. What was it. What was the reason behind it etc

Sunil Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Sunil Singh
History lecturer, Faced UPSC & State PSC interviews.

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  1. 2nd World War . What was it . When was it Where was it . Causes .Corse of War


  2. About Me Name- Sunil Kumar Singh JRF, Pursuing research in History Faced UPSC interview in 2015, and 2016 . Taught history for 3 years at University level e Follow me at: https://unacademy.com/user/kumarsunilvns99


  3. 2nd World War . What was it . When was it Where was it . Causes .Corse of War


  4. Causes . Follies of victors at Versailles . Aggressive nationalism of Germany Rise of Fascism in Italy . Japanese imperialism . Dissatisfaction of national minorities Economic depression .Failure of the league . Failure of disarmament


  5. Causes Ideological conflict Attitude of western power towards Russia . Policy of appeasement . Role of treaty of Versailles


  6. Development . Adolf Hitler, leader of the National Socialist (Nazi) party,- promised overturn the treaty, restore order to their nation - a superior race . In 1937, Germany signed the Berlin-Rome-Tokyo Axis . Two years later, on September 1, Great Britain, 1939, the Second World War began when Nazi Germany Poland invaded The Germany Poland ov France Romania Spain aBulgaria


  7. First step : Manchuria, 1931 Japanese attacked on Manchuria 1931 SOVIET UNION . League of Nations condemned the Outer Mongoia MANCHURA Japanese act as aggression Neither League nor USA, fortified its verbal protests by effective actions Feldng KOREA JAPAN CHINA Shanghal Pacific Ocean . Japan withdrew from the League . First formal breach in the league structure


  8. Second step: Germanv, 1935-36 DENMARK . 1933 Hitler withdrew from League NORTHERN SLESVIG The Saar The Ruhr German territory Sudetenland Rhineland (demilitarised zone) GREAT BRITAIN Apr 1935 denounced the clauses of the Treaty of Versailles - rebuilt German armed forces GERMANY WEST PRUSSIA POLAND BELGIUM UPPER SILESIA LUXEMBOURG FRANCE AUSTRIA HUNGARY June 1935 British signed a naval agreement with Germany limiting the German navy to one third the size of the British March 1936 reoccupation of the Rhineland - Britain, France did nothing


  9. Third step : Attack on Ethiopia . October 3, 1935, Italy attacked Ethiopia without a declaration of war. WAR BEGINS IN ETHIOPIA ITALY ATTACKS TRIBESMEN The League of Nations declared Italy an aggressor, but as usual, took no action against the country PARIS CHESSBOARD 20 Million . In 1936 Mussolini made "Rome-Berlin axis" - a treaty of friendship with Adolf Hitler's Germany The two dictators with their shared ideological affinities,"


  10. Fourth step : Annexation of Austria . Hitler wanted all German-speaking nations in Europe to be a part of Germany . Designs on re-uniting Germany with his native homeland, Austria. Under the terms of the Treaty of Versailles, however, Germany and Austria were forbidden to be unified ESTONIA SWEDEN LATVLA DENMARK LITHUANIA GREAT BRITAIN NETHERLANDS GERMANY POLAND CZECHOSLOVAKIA FRANCE SWITZERLAND HUNGARY TALY ROMANIA SPAIN Austria BULGARIA German territory ALBANIA


  11. Fourth step : Annexation of Austria . Hitler ordered the Austrian Nazis to ESTONIA SWEDEN create havoc in Austria. This turned into an attempt to overthrow the government LATVIA DENMARK LITHUANIA GREAT BRITAIN NETHERLANDS GERMANY BELGIUM POLAND CZECHOSLOVAKIA . In 1934, Italy had an agreement FRANCE HUNGARY with Austria that it would protect Austria from outside aggression. ITALY ROMANIA SPAIN Rhineland (demilitarised zone) Austria BULGARIA German territory ALBANIA


  12. . In 1936 Hitler and Mussolini - Rome-Berlin Axis during their . Austria had lost the protection of Italy and was vulnerable .March 1938 Fourth step : Annexation of Austria joint involvement in the Spanish Civil War (1936-39) to German attack. German troops marched into Austria unopposed. Hitler now had control of Austria. . Hitler held a rigged referendum. The results showed that the Austrian people approved of German control of their country


  13. Fifth step : Invasion to Czechoslovakia Now Hitler's invaded to Czechoslovakia it was the end of appeasement: It proved that Hitler had been lying at Munich It showed that Hitler was not just interested in a 'Greater Germany' (the Czechs were not Germans)


  14. Fifth step : Invasion to Poland . Hitler demanded Danzig polish corridor Poland ignored - had British protection .Hitler signed, Baltic Sea EAST PRUSSIA The of August 1939- Poland was to be partitioned between the two powers German-Soviet Pact DANZIG ALLENSTEIN MARIENWERDER POZNANIA The Polish Corridor GERMANY POLAND After World War I Transferred to Poland EAST UPPER 100 mi UPPER SILESIA WES ILESI by Versailles Treaty Voted to become Polish Voted to remain German 50 0 50 100 km


  15. End of the War Ended with the unconditional surrender of Germany in May 1945 In the East, the war ended when Japan surrendered unconditionally on August 14th, signing their surrender on September 2nd. . e The Japanese surrender occurred after the United States dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki on the 6th and 9th of August. The date of the Japanese surrender is known as Victory Over Japan Day or V-J Day


  16. About Me Name- Sunil Kumar Singh JRF, Pursuing research in History Faced UPSC interview in 2015, and 2016 . Taught history for 3 years at University level e Follow me at: https://unacademy.com/user/kumarsunilvns99


  17. What was 1)AXIS POWERS taly Japan World War I was fought between VS. the ALLIED POWERS (actively in combat in 1942) The Axis Powers (Germany, Italy, Japan) And the Allied Powers (Britain, United States, Soviet Union, France) Most of the countries in the world were involved in some way UK (1939 USSR194) US (1941)


  18. Causes . Follies of victors at Versailles . Aggressive nationalism of Germany Rise of Fascism in Italy . Japanese imperialism . Dissatisfaction of national minorities Economic depression .Failure of the league . Failure of disarmament


  19. Follies of victors at Versailles .The Treaty of Versailles ended World War I between Germany and the Allied Powers. . The treaty was very harsh TERMS GERMA against Germany. Germany forced to "accept the responsibility" of the war damages suffered by the Allies, PEOPLE ALL DAMAGE ON LAND eR SEA


  20. Follies of victors at Versailles DENMARK Dictated peace NORTHERN SLESVIG The Saar The Ruhr German territory GREAT BRITAIN Humiliating treaty Revengeful treaty People were starving and the government was in chaos Rhineland (demilitarised zone) NETHERLANDS GERMANY WEST PRUSSIA POLAND BELGIUM . Harsh terms & conditions of treaty UPPER SILESIA ALSACE-LORRAINE FRANCE AUSTRIA HUNGARY SWITZERLAND e Result left the German economy in ruins .Rise of Hitler