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A New World: The Islamic Gunpowder Empires and the discovery of the Americas, c. 1400 - 1550 CE
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In this lesson, I discuss the European discovery of the New World, and the extraordinary power and might of the Islamic “gunpowder empires” of the Ottomans, Safavids, and Mughals. The fall of Constantinople and the beginning of the Renaissance are also covered.

Anirudh Kanisetti
BITS Pilani (Goa), history blogger, artist, podcaster.

Unacademy user
Awesome Lessons
Ankit Kumar
6 months ago
the whole series is immensely helpful in explaining the bigger picture especially for a beginner. thanks a ton!
1. Painting of Martin Luther posting "The 95 Theses", c. 1871. 2. Jahangir Embracing Shah Abbas. During a period of uneasy détente with Shah Abbas, the Safavid king of Iran, Jahangir dreamed the two rulers embraced—but in reality they never met. To proclaim the Mughal emperor’s superiority, the artist Abu’l Hasan cleverly manipulated symbols of sovereignty. The globe, which represents earthly rule and alludes to Jahangir’s name (World Seizer), becomes the stage for his disingenuous bear hug of the smaller, less opulently dressed shah. His lion mount even nudges the shah’s lamb back towards Iran. 3. Tokugawa Ieyasu was the founder and first shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan, which effectively ruled Japan from the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600 until the Meiji Restoration in 1868.
Impressively detailed, and absolutely correct. Well done!
I guess the authority over new lands was already take for Spanish kingdom by Columbus in 1492, 1494 treaty of tordesillas was basically Portuguese demand on the new discovered land, which the pope granted. correct me if I am wrong.
De facto power is not the same as de jure power. Columbus might have seized the New World, but King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella were devout Catholics and would have preferred to have papal justification for their actions. Though yes, of course, the Portuguese demand also played a role, the Treaty was basically Pope Alexander VI cynically exploiting religion and Spain/Portugal's unwillingness to go to war to enrich himself materially (they gave him donations) and spiritually (they promised to convert their new subjects to Christianity).
Parwez Alam
3 years ago
  1. A New World

  2. Welcome back! I'm Anirudh. I'm a history blogger, artist and BITS Pilani (Goa) graduate. You can find me at (Top writer on history!)

  3. The World is Changing It might not seem obvious, but Europe is about to pull ahead of Asia

  4. The City of World's Desire The Roman Empire finally ends

  5. Latin Empire Dissolved: 1261 CE Timur Defeats Bayezid the Thunderbol: 1402 CE The Afermath of the Crusades The Aftermath of the Crusades The squabbling remnants of the empire are gradually united again, while a new Turkish power rises in Anatolia KINGDOM OF BULGARIA KINGDOM OF HUNGARY PRINCIPALITY OF Taonic Kingdom of Thessalonica Kingdom of LATIN WALLACHIA Thewalnika Kru evac Busa Niceea EMPIRE BULGARIA 1amovo SERBIA NiS EMPIRE OF NICAEA BEYLIK OF CANDAR Sofia Corte 1215) Filibe Edirne Constantinopl YZAN Manastir Principaity Duchy of the e VARIOUS STATES Aegean Cetane pen 1206 Manisa Konya Rhodes (Ven EYLIK OF AYDIN KINGe d ed KING I(1361) Crete (Ven 1212) OF CYAe ofthe radt OF KARAMAN Antal Vassal states of the Ottoman Empre Google: Bayezid I

  6. John VIII appeals to the Pope: 1439 CE A Desperate Abpeal to the West Despite the attempts of the emperors, the Schism cannot be healed, and the West will not aid them East-West Schism (1054) PRINCIPALITIES POLAND FRANCE EMPIR E EMPTRE Google: Constantine XI Palaeologus

  7. Conquest of Constantinople: 1453 CE The Conquest of Constantinople Gunpowder changes the world: the walls that have stood for more than 1,000 years finally fall, and decaying Constantinople becomes the vibrant new capital of Istanbul Google: Mehmed The Conqueror

  8. 2 The Conquistadores The New World is discovered

  9. Vasco da Gama's first voyage to India: 1497-1499 CE Meantchile in Portugal A new route is discovered to India! "Vol do Basra Persia Alexandrio bay Surat S.Jorge Ethiopia Paulo Kongo - Luanda Garajos s. Tom Delagoa Cape of Tristan da Google: Vasco da Gama

  10. Reconquista completed: 1492 CE Meantwhile in Spain The Reconquista ends, and new trade routes to the East are sought voor 914 914-1080 1080-1130 u301210 1210-1250 1250-480 1480.1492 Le n Navarra ortugal g n Castilla C rdoba Granad Reconguista Google: Emirate of Granada

  11. Treaty of Tordesillas: 1494 CE The Treaty of Tordesillas In return for converts, Pope Alexander VI divides up the world EXANDER VI PONT MAX :Canary Isands :Cape Islands Equator 01 Colonial demarcation lines between CastillelSpain and Portugal in the 15th and 16th Centuries ..Line of Line of Pope Alexander VI Bull Inter Caetera, 1493) Treaty of Tordesillas (1494) Treaty of Saragossa (1529) -

  12. China turns inward: 1500s CE China turns inoard Increasingly disinterested in the world, China ends the great naval expeditions

  13. Death of Suleiman the Magnificent: 1566 CE "In Cairo I am the Sultan. In Baghdad I am the Caliph. In Rome I am the Caesar." Sultan Selim the Grim and his son, Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent, preside over the apogee of Ottoman power Bate Baghdad 000 im Atrica oMedina EMPIRE IN Ottoman Beyik 1300 Acquistions, 1300-1359 Acqustorn, t350-1451 Acquistions, 1451-1481 (Mehmed 1 Acqstors, 1512-1520 (Senn ] Acqustions, 1520. 1566 (Suleiman the Magn fort, Aegasions, 1566-1683

  14. What's next?

  15. The broad outline Middle Ages o CE 6oos120 1400s CE Bronze and Iron Ages 1800s CE 1900s CE Early High Late Renaissance Revolutions WWII arly High Late Renaissance Revolutions wwi 500s BCE-200s CE 1500s CE 3500s 60os E BCE Early Classical Late Enlightenment World War I 70os CE 200s 500os CE Antiquity Colonialism httbs:// of World History.bng

  16. The Reformation Guess what's next!