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From Farms to Empires: The Bronze Age and Cyrus the Great, c. 3500 BCE - 500 BCE
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This lesson is a quick introduction to the great civilizations of the Bronze Age. It also discusses how the world changed with the establishment of the first truly global Empire: the Persian Empire of Cyrus the Great. It also provides an overview of the emergence of the great intellectual schools of Buddhism and Confucianism.

Anirudh Kanisetti
BITS Pilani (Goa), history blogger, artist, podcaster.

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1. Alexander the Great. 2. Ashoka Chakra. 3. Teracotta army : the clay statues
  1. From Farms lo Enipires

  2. Welcome back! I'm Anirudh. I'm a history blogger, artist and BITS Pilani (Goa) graduate. You can find me at (Top writer on history!)

  3. The Birthplace of Civilization River valleys and the first kingdoms

  4. Notes Gobekli Tepe: The oldest known human construction, possibly a temple Agriculture took hold in the river valleys by 7,000 - 8,ooo BCE, and began to increase in scale As agriculture developed, so did organization, and thus states were born

  5. Age of Bronze

  6. Hammurabi's Code of Laws: 1700s BCE Man-Made Mountains The great cultures of Iraq Google: "The Epic of Gilgamesh"

  7. Peak of Egyptian Civilization: 3000-1100s BCE Gold and the Afterlite The rise of Egypt Troy HITTIT EMPIRE MITA TATE Ni SYRIA CRETE IA rM EGYFP ncient Egypt and Mesopotamia Thebes 1450 BC NUBIA Google: Temple at Abu Simbel

  8. Mycenaean Greece: Mid-1300 BCE Dolphins and War-Gods The Minoans and Mycenae a Troy Pitane Aegean Orchome Thebes Sea Thebes MycenaeAthens Mycenaes Pylos Mycenaean Greece (1400-1100 BC) a Palaces & main citadels e Other Mycenaean settlements Knosos Appproximate extent of Mycenaean cultural area ca. 1400-1300 BC Non-Mycenaean cities with numerous Mycenaean findings Watch: Troy (2004)

  9. Bronze Age Collapse: 1100s BCE Collapse! And a slow revival Black Sea sea Hattusas Theb Fraktin Miletus Carchemis Tarsos yprus Qadesh o5 Invasions and migrations c. 1200 BC Destroyed city- wapeshattackedunsuccefullyEgypt Sea peoples including Lukka, Sherden, Sea peoples including Peleset, Shekelesh, Sea peoples destroyed settiements in Syria Possibly Taresh movement to Etruria & IMyceanean Greece [ ] New Kingdom Egypt between Hittite poraationsconsin,from Europe Hittite Empire Area of conflict widespread destruction Troy and Hittite cities destroyed pessibly by populations comming from Europe (Phryglans 7) Amamng and Egypt Google: Sea Peoples

  10. Aryan Migrations to India: 1400s BCE New Lands The Indo-Europeans migrate leaving linguistic and genetic traces, and enter the Land of the Five Rivers Eupedia map of Rla migration 293 2280 exponsion 2500-1800 CU Z94 (M417) 293. 294 (2300-1400 BCE) M458 664 294 Menn (1500-1000 BCE 294 294 294 L657 L657 Google: Rig Veda, Asvamedha Yagna, Soma

  11. Age of Bronze In the Fertile Crescent, mathematics, science, and irrigation developed Great migrations and movements of peoples Egypt, Greece, China and India began to develop and urbanize as well The Bronze Age collapsed for unclear reasons: the Sea Peoples, climate change, even natural disasters

  12. Nebuchadnezzar sacks Jerusalem: 600s BCE, Cyrus frees the Jews: 500s BCE The Story of Cyrus the Great Google Tomb of Cyrus the Great'

  13. C. 600s-500s BCE scoundrels and knaves!" Established kingdoms and religions are questioned by thinkers - but even their thoughts will eventually become part of the power structure! Expansion of Magadha (6th-4th centuries BCE) Chinese plain in the late Spring and Autumn period (5th century BC) teppes Yan Beijing) aryn) Bohai Sea Qi Jin O Linzi Lu Yel n Qin hou Zheng Wu Chu Sichuan Basih THangzou) Ying Southern hills Read: Creation, by Gore Vidal

  14. The Surprising Legacy of the Persians Cyrus the Great's tolerance Centralization of Power in Persia/Babylon The idea of multinational empires Imperial highways and a postal system! Monumental Architecture Monumental Architecture Zoroastrianism

  15. What's next?

  16. The broad outline Middle Ages o CE 6oos120 1400s CE Bronze and Iron Ages 1800s CE 1900s CE Early High Late Renaissance Revolutions WWII arly High Late Renaissance Revolutions wwi 500s BCE-200s CE 1500s CE 3500s 60os E BCE Early Classical Late Enlightenment World War I 70os CE 200s 500os CE Antiquity Colonialism httbs:// of World History.bng