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The Crescent Rises: The Story of Islam, c. 600 - 1100 CE
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A vital point in the history of the world, this lesson discusses the emergence of Islam as a major global force under the Prophet Muhammad, its expansion under the caliphs, and the formation of the Spanish Muslim states of Al-Andalus. I also trace the decline of the authority of the caliphs with the rise of the Turks, and their invasions of India and Asia Minor.

Anirudh Kanisetti
BITS Pilani (Goa), history blogger, artist, podcaster.

Unacademy user
Ankit Kumar
6 months ago
Good keep it up
muhammad declared "what" for people who resisted islam. TIA
Sanket Ahirrao
2 years ago
1. Albrecht Dürer (1471-1528) painted an imaginary portrait of Emperor Charlemagne (d. AD 814). Charlemagneor Charles the Great was King of the Franks from 768, King of the Lombards from 774 and Emperor of the Romans from 800. He united much of Europe during the early Middle Ages. 2. Baptism of Prince Vladimir, a Vasnetsov fresco, St. Vladimir's Cathedral in Kiev. 3. Capture of Jerusalem by the Crusaders (19th-century artist impression). The Siege of Jerusalem took place in 1099, during the First Crusade. The climax of the First Crusade, the successful siege saw the Crusaders seize Jerusalem from the Fatimid Caliphate and laid the foundations for the Kingdom of Jerusalem.
Thank you for sharing the story of Gibraltar, now I can appreciate why Pakistan codenamed its invasion to India in 1965 as Operation Gibraltar
  1. The Crescent Rise.s

  2. Welcome back! I'm Anirudh. I'm a history blogger, artist and BITS Pilani (Goa) graduate. You can find me at (Top writer on history!)

  3. There is no God but God Islam is born

  4. Muhammad begins to recite the Quran: 610 CE The Hijra to Medina: 622 CE The Archangel Gabriel visits Muhammad The Hijra and the beginning of the Islamic Calendar H7 TBU 3 Read: Muhammad: The Life of the Prophet, by Karen Armstrong

  5. Battle of the Trench: 627 CE Muhammad captures Mecca: 630 CE The First Fihad Muhammad rescues the Ummah and overthrows the pagans of Mecca Read: Muhammad: The Life of the Prophet, by Karen Armstrong

  6. Accession of Abu-Bakr, the First Caliph: 632 CHE Umar conquers Persia: 642-644 CE The Rashidun Caliphate The Shi'at Ali protests, believing Ali's family are the rightful leaders of the Ummah Empire Read: A Short History of Islam, by Karen Armstrong

  7. Shia-Sunni divide: c. 680 CE Umayyad Dynasty founded: 661 CE Kerbala and the Umayyads The beginning of the Sunni/Shia divide 1i

  8. Umayyads expand into Spain and Sindh: 711 CHE Al-Hind The Umayyad general Muhammad bin Qasim conquers Sindh, as Tariq ibn Zayad enters Spain Black Sea MULTAN MAKRAN ROAR A MIC BRAHMANABAD SINDH' -. DAYBUL Age of the Caliphs Arabian Sea Equnion underthe Piphet Mahammad 6242 Addtioms during the Patachal Caliphae, 632-661 | Addition durng the umemed Cal phar 661.750 Kr A Peripheral peoples LA

  9. AM Accession of Abd-Al Rehman I: 756 CE Al-Andalus Overthrown by the Abbasid dynasty, the Indomitable Abd-Al Rahman turns Spain into the most tolerant and sophisticated European state since the Western Roman Empire Google: Caliphate of Cordoba

  10. AN Eueenese from the est Arabi 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Arabic-Indic astem Arabic- rsian and Usdu The Glory of Bahdad vanagari The Abbasids and the progress of science and technology in the East Read: 1001 Arabian Nights, Google: Harun al-Rashid

  11. Battle of Tours-Poitiers: 732 CE A Turning Point for the West Somehow, a band of Franks led by Charles Martel defeat the Arabs, and Muslim expansion is halted Arrea more or less under FRANKiSH doutn in the time of CHARLES MARTEL axons NEUSTRI Bavarians LOMBARDS Ravznna np Google: Charles Martel

  12. Battle of Manzikert 1071 CE Battle of Manzikert: 1071 CE The Battle of Manzikert The Emperor Romanus IV Diogenes is betrayed, and the Eastern Roman Empire begins its final decline Black Sea Thessalonica . Constantinople Nicaea 1077 Ankara 1075 Manzikert 1071 lconiun 1073 Edessa Antioch 1087 1084 rranean Sea Jerusalenm Alexandria Google: Sultanate of Rum

  13. Battle of Tarain: 1192 CE The Sultans of Delhi The Indian subcontinent explodes into war and innovation with the arrival of the Turks Tadavas Orissa Outb-ud-dis Aybak (120-12 Qutb-ad-dia Aybak (1206-1210 ntutaish (1211-1236) itutmish (1211 1236) Refer: My lesson "Rajas and Sultans", A Passage to India

  14. The State of the World Islam and science, the decline of the Caliphs, the decline of Byzantium

  15. What's next?

  16. The broad outline Middle Ages o CE 6oos120 1400s CE Bronze and Iron Ages 1800s CE 1900s CE Early High Late Renaissance Revolutions WWII arly High Late Renaissance Revolutions wwi 500s BCE-200s CE 1500s CE 3500s 60os E BCE Early Classical Late Enlightenment World War I 70os CE 200s 500os CE Antiquity Colonialism httbs:// of World History.bng

  17. The Cross Guess what's next!